Sunday, 5 November 2017

Food Therapy: Maternal Coffee Consumption > 3 Cups/day in Increased Risk of Infant' Club Foot

By Kyle J. Norton


Maternal coffee consumption may increase risk of congenital deformity of club foot in new born, a renowned institute study suggested.

Coffee, a popular and social beverage all over the world, particularly in the West, is a drink made from roasted bean from the Coffea plant, native to tropical Africa and Madagascar.

Club foot is a congenital deformity with one foot or both appear to have been rotated internally at the ankle.

According to the Boston University, although clubfoot is associated to other risk factors such as maternal smoking and alcohol consumption, heavy coffee drinking women during pregnancy also showed a relative risk in giving birth of infant with such deformity.

In a population-based case-control study of clubfoot conducted in Massachusetts, New York, and North Carolina from 2007 to 2011 with mothers of 646 isolated clubfoot cases and 2037 controls, after adjusting to demographic factors, parity, obesity, and specific medication exposures researchers found that relative risk odd ratio of infant with clubfoot is .177 for women who drank >3 servings of coffee per day throughout early pregnancy.

Dr. Werler MM, the lead author said, " For alcohol and coffee drinkers, suggested increased risks (clubfoot) were only observed in higher levels of intake"

Additionally, in the review of  the publication related caffeine intake and birth deformity By H. C. Andersson, Helena Hallström, Bengt A. Kihlman, in the compared coffee consumption of 202 women gave birth to malformed baby and 175 women who gave birth to healthy baby, researchers indicated that women drinking over 8 cups/day of coffee during pregnancy are associated to increased frequency of congenital malformation.

Interestingly, the 1982 study in evaluation of coffee consumption during each trimester of pregnancy, suggested that no deformity was found in women drinking less than 4 cups of coffee a day, but risk of congenital malformation increased substantially in women drinking above that levels.

Reserachers after taking into account of other co founders indicated that, the most common malformation was clubfoot in compared to other deformities.

Taking altogether, heavy coffee drinking may have a potential effect in increased risk of giving birth of a clubfoot baby, thus reducing intake of coffee may be necessary, please consult with your doctor, if you have any question about this subject.

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Author biography
Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Maternal cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption in relation to risk of clubfoot by Werler MM1, Yazdy MM, Kasser JR, Mahan ST, Meyer RE, Anderka M, Druschel CM, Mitchell AA.(PubMed)
(2) Intake of caffeine and other methylxanthines during pregnancy and risk for adverse effects in pregnant women and their foetuses By H. C. Andersson, Helena Hallström, Bengt A. Kihlman (København : Nordic Council of Ministers, 2005)

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