Monday, 27 November 2017

Food Therapy: Dried Pea, An Antioxidant Functional Food

Kyle J. Norton


Dried peas may be considered a functional food in enhanced antioxidant activities, some renowned institute studies suggested.

Dried pea is a small but nutritionally mighty member of the legume family, genus Pisum belongings to the family Fabaceae with healthy source of proteins, fibers, vitamins and minerals.

Antioxidant is a natural substances protect our body against cellular damage caused chain reaction of ROS by inhibiting free radical over expression.

In the study to evaluate the The hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of the hydroalcoholic extract (PE) of pea (Pisum sativum L.) using CCl4-induced oxidative stress and hepatic damage in rats, researchers at the Cairo University revealed that peas demonstrated a significant hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities mostly in n-butanol fraction, a major chemical compound in peas.

After taking into account of other analysis, including Chromatographic fractionation, Dr, said, "pea by-product contained biologically active constituents which can be utilised to obtain high value added products for nutraceutical use".

The hepatoprotective and antioxidant effect of peas one again were attributed to enhanced production of antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH) glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities in inhibited ROS and its domino effects.

The information may provide additional reason for people with weaken immune system to add additional portion of dried peas into their diet in stimulated antioxidant status in their body.

And, the extra portion of dried peas intake daily will improve immune function in reduced risk diseases caused by bacterial and viral infection and inflammation,....

Other researchers in provide more information of the effects of anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of peptides from yellow field pea proteins (Pisum sativum L.) through LPS/IFN-γ-activated RAW 264.7 NO⁻ macrophages. researchers at the University of Ottawa, showed that
1. Pea protein hydrolysate, after a 12 h pre-treatment, inhibited NO production by activated macrophages up to 20%.
2. The tested chemical compound also demonstrated a strong inhibition of secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α- and IL-6, up to 35 and 80%, respectively.
3. Oral administration of PPH in mice enhanced the white blood cell activity in stimulated the gut mucosa immune response.

The findings information showed that the powerful antioxidants properties of pea protein hydrolysate, exerts a significant effect in reduced the expression of pro inflammatory cytokins in regulated immune response.

Dr. Ndiaye F, after taking into account of other con founders said, "Enzymatic protein degradation confers anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating potentials to pea proteins, and the resulted peptides could be used as an alternative therapy for the prevention of inflammatory-related diseases".

Furthermore, in the investigated the antioxidant of the broad bean and pea by-products as sources of fiber-rich ingredients, researchers at the after differentiation of v the main monomers such as uronic acids, glucose, arabinose and galactose in broad bean pods, researcher postulated that the most antioxidant activities also are result of extractable polyphenols found in road bean and pea by-products as sources of fibre-rich.

Taking together, dried peas may be used as a functional food in increased antioxidant activity of people with weaken immunity and provided an additional source for treatment of auto immune and inflammatory diseases.



Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Bioassay-guided fractionation of a hepatoprotective and antioxidant extract of peaby-product by Seida AA1, El Tanbouly ND, Islam WT, Eid HH, El Maraghy SA, El Senousy AS.(PubMed)
(2) Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties of an enzymatic protein hydrolysate from yellow field pea seeds by Ndiaye F1, Vuong T, Duarte J, Aluko RE, Matar C.(PubMed)
(3) Broad bean and pea by-products as sources of fibre-rich ingredients: potential antioxidant activity measured in vitro by Mateos-Aparicio I1, Redondo-Cuenca A, Villanueva-Suárez MJ.(PubMed)


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