Fennel may have a profound and positive effect in reduced risk of infantile colic, some scientists suggest.
Infantile colic is a reaction of the infant if episodes of crying for more than three hours a day, for more than three days a week, for three weeks in an otherwise healthy child. The condition has strong impacted in psychological, emotional, and physical burden to parents.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species of genus, belongings to Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), native to the Mediterranean, used in traditional and herbal medicine as warming, carminative, antispasmodic, antidepressant agent and to stimulate the appetite, ease indigestion, soothe coughing, reduce intestinal spasms, to regulate the menstrual cycle and relieve PMS,...
4. Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
5. Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
6. Niacin (Vitamin B3)
7. Pantothenic acid (B5)
In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness and side effects of phytotherapeutic agent with Matricariae recutita, Foeniculum vulgare and Melissa officinalis in treatment of infantile colic in a total of the 93 breastfed colicky infants conducted by the John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, after a 3 day observation period, the infants randomly assigned to groups treated with phytotherapeutic agent (PA) and group received placebo twice a day for 1 week, researchers found that crying time in group received PA was reduced substantially in 85.4% of subjects in compared to 48.9% subjects in placebo group against baseline.
Base on the result, researchers suggested that PA demonstrated a significant activity within one weeks of application in infantile colic.
These results were illustrated by the effect of an aqueous extract of the aerial part and aqueous extract of seed sample of fennel.
Fennel inhibited overgrowth of Agrobacterium radiobacter pv. tumefaciens, Erwinia carotovora, Pseudomonas fluorescens, andPseudomonas glycinea, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomona aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Bacillus cereus in maintenance integrity of digestive function.
Further differentiation also suggested that fennel has a strong impact in protected the gastric damage through significantly increased nitrite, nitrate, ascorbic acid, retinol, and beta-carotene levels.
These results indicated that the extract of entire plant of F. vulgare pay have a potential effect by acting as an anti-stress agent in reduced depression and anxiety in maternity.
Some researchers postulated that anethole, a bioactive compound from fennel inhibited food allergy probably through enhacing immune system food hypersensitivity response by modulating the expression of Foxp3+ in regulated the development and function T cells and inhibition of Th2 cytokines in promoted antibodies production of immunoglobulin E (IgE), thus reducing immune system overreacts to an allergen.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrients, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a standardized extract of Matricariae recutita, Foeniculum vulgare and Melissa officinalis (ColiMil) in the treatment of breastfed colicky infants by Savino F1, Cresi F, Castagno E, Silvestro L, Oggero R.(PubMed)
(2) The effect of fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study by Alexandrovich I1, Rakovitskaya O, Kolmo E, Sidorova T, Shushunov S.(PubMed)
(3) Illicium verum Extract and Trans-Anethole Attenuate Ovalbumin-Induced Airway Inflammation via Enhancement of Foxp3+ Regulatory T Cells and Inhibition of Th2 Cytokines in Mice by Yoon-Young Sung,1 Seung-Hyung Kim,2 Dong-Seon Kim,3 Ji-eun Lee,2 and Ho Kyoung Kim1(Hidawi)
(4) Comparison of the antibacterial activity of essential oils and extracts of medicinal and culinary herbs to investigate potential new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome by Thompson A1, Meah D, Ahmed N, Conniff-Jenkins R, Chileshe E, Phillips CO, Claypole TC, Forman DW, Row PE.(PubMed)
(5) Comparing the Effects of Echinophora-platyloba, Fennel and Placebo on Pre-menstrual Syndrome by Masoumeh Delaram,1,* Soleiman Kheiri,2 and Mohammad Reza Hodjati(PMC)