Yoga, the ancient practice for harmonized external and internal body well beings, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement and gesture..... has been best known for people in Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.
According to the joint study led by the Alpert Medical School of Brown University in examine the smoking-relevant characteristics of individuals enrolling in an 8-week randomized controlled trial, for testing yoga as a complementary treatment to standard smoking cessation, on the sample of 55% female, 86% non-Hispanic white, with a mean age of 46 years,
1. Males smoked more cigarettes/ day than females and had lower motivation to quit smoking
2. Females were more likely to smoke for weight control, social and mood-related reasons, and had higher expectations for the efficacy of yoga
3. Age was negatively associated with the presence of other smokers in the household, and smoking in response to negative moods
4. And Age was associated to more willing in quitting
The results indicated that yoga may be considered as an integrated form of exercise to assist smoking.cessation.
Further discussion of smoking cessation, in a study to examine the rates of cessation among women randomized to either a novel, 8-week Yoga plus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) smoking cessation intervention versus a Wellness program plus the same CBT smoking cessation intervention, scientists showed that after 8 weeks period
1. Innovative treatments are needed to address barriers as mentioned in the above study for a successful smoking cessation among men and women.
2. Yoga may be effective complementary treatment for smoking cessation
3. Yoga can offer an alternative to traditional exercise for reducing negative symptoms that often accompany to smoking cessation and predict relapse to smoking among recent quitters.
Additional analysis of the effect of yoga intervention in smoking cessation, researchers at the University of Cincinnati, conducted a review of literature published of database from MEDLINE (PubMed), EBSCOHOST, PROQUEST, MEDINDIA, CINAHL, Alt HealthWatch, and AMED between 2004 and 2013, suggested that 10 studies satisfied the criteria and guidelines selected have produced the following results
1. Yoga participation expressed a significant effect in improved quitting smoking rates in majority of studies
2. Yoga-based interventions hold a promise for smoking cessation
Unfortunately, all these studies also expressed some of limitations including short follow-up measurements and short duration of intervention, Dr. Dai CL, the led author concerned
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrients, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Who Enrolls in a Quit Smoking Program with Yoga Therapy?by Bock BC1, Thind H2, Dunsiger S3, Fava JL4, Jennings E5, Becker BM6, Marcus BH7, Rosen RK3, Sillice MA8.(PubMed)
(2) Yoga as a complementary treatment for smoking cessation: rationale, study design and participant characteristics of the Quitting-in-Balance study by Bock BC1, Morrow KM, Becker BM, Williams DM, Tremont G, Gaskins RB, Jennings E, Fava J, Marcus BH (PubMed)
(3) Between inhale and exhale: yoga as an intervention in smoking cessation by Dai CL1, Sharma M.(PubMed)