Intake of dried peas fiber daily and regularly may reduce risk of metabolic syndrome, some institute studies suggested.
Metabolic syndrome is a biochemical and physiological factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
Dried pea is a small but nutritionally mighty member of the legume family, genus Pisum belongings to the family Fabaceae with healthy source of proteins, fibers, vitamins and minerals.
In the study to investigate the effects of frequent consumption (five cups/week over 8 weeks) of pulses (yellow peas, chickpeas, navy beans and lentils), compared with counselling to reduce energy intake by 2093 kJ/d (500 kcal/d), on risk factors of the MetSyn of in 2 groups (nineteen and twenty-one subjects, respectively) of overweight or obese (mean BMI 32·8 kg/m2) adults, researchers after adjusting to many con founders after 8 weeks of experiment suggested that
1. Pulse group expressed a HDL and C-peptide increased by 4·5 and 12·3 %, respectively in compared to decreased by 0·8 and 7·6 %, respectively, in the energy-restricted group.
2. Insulin AUC decreased in both females and males on the energy-restricted diet by 24·2 and 4·8 %, respectively and on the pulse diet it decreased by 13·9 % in females and 27·3 % in males respectively.
Based on the result interpretation, Dr. Mollard RC, the lead author said," frequent consumption of pulses in an ad libitum diet reduced risk factors of the MetSyn".
C-peptide is a substance produced by the beta cells in the pancreas with function to connects insulin's A-chain to its B-chain in the insulin molecule.
Insulin AUC is the area under the curve in a 2 dimension coordinate used to measure the insulin concentration in blood insulin vs. time.
In support of the above study, the Fahan University of Medical Sciences conducted a cross-sectional study of 425 subjects 35 to 55 y of age, using a food-frequency questionnaire. including in the report of blood pressure, waist circumference, glucose, triacylglycerols, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol to measure risk of metabolic syndrome defined based on Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, after examining the returned questionnaire, researchers found that daily intake of these groups of population can be classified into 5 pattern, namely,
2. A prudent pattern (high in fish, peas, honey, nuts, juice, dry fruits, vegetable oil, liver and organic meat, and coconuts and low in hydrogenated fat and non-leafy vegetables)
3. A vegetarian pattern (high in potatoes, legumes, fruits rich in vitamin C, rice, green leafy vegetables, and fruits rich in vitamin A),
4. A high-fat dairy pattern (high in high-fat yogurt and high-fat milk and low in low-fat yogurt, peas, and bread),
5. A chicken and plant pattern (high in chicken, fruits rich in vitamin A, green leafy vegetables, and mayonnaise and low in beef, liver, and organic meat)
And in compare to all 5 groups
1. The western pattern was associated with greater odds of having increased triacylglycerol and blood pressure
2. The The prudent pattern was positively associated with a prevalence of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels
3. The vegetarian dietary pattern was inversely associated with a risk of an abnormal fasting blood glucose level
Adult Treatment Panel III guideline is used as classification of LDL, Total, and HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL).
Dr. Amini M, the lead authors emphasized, " Major dietary patterns were significantly associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome".
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Regular consumption of pulses for 8 weeks reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese adults by Mollard RC1, Luhovyy BL, Panahi S, Nunez M, Hanley A, Anderson GH.(PubMed)
(2) Development of baked and extruded functional foods from metabolic syndromespecific ingredient mix by Miglani N1, Bains K1, Kaur H1.(PubMed)
(3) Relationship between major dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome among individuals with impaired glucose tolerance.
Amini M1, Esmaillzadeh A, Shafaeizadeh S, Behrooz J, Zare M.