Friday, 3 November 2017

Food Therapy; Coffee Intake In Increased Risk of Bladder Cancer

Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Coffee consumption may have a linear association to potential risk of bladder cancer development,
a respectable institute postulated.

Bladder cancer is medical condition of cell growth irregularly and disorderly in the bladder. The cancer may spread to distant tissues and organs in the later stage.

Coffee, a popular and social beverage all over the world, particularly in the West, is a drink made from roasted bean from the Coffea plant, native to tropical Africa and Madagascar.

According to the Shandong University, in the review literature published online satisfied the criteria and guideline to investigate risk of bladder cancer among coffee consumption adults. Selected studies, numbers of cups/day and relative risk RR as follow
For 23 case-control studies
1. for 1 cup/day, RR=1.07
2 for 2 cups/day, RR=1.15
3 for 3 cups/day, RR=1.22
4. for 4 cups/day RR= 1.29
For 5 cohort studies
1. for 1 cup/day, RR=1.09
2. for 2 cups/day, RR=1.13
3. for 3 cups/day, RR= 1.09
4 for 4 cups/day, RR=1.01

The findings in both case-control and cohost studies showed a positive association of coffee intake and risk of bladder cancer.

In non smokers, according to the pooled data set comprises 564 cases and 2929 hospital or population controls enrolled in ten studies conducted in Denmark, Germany, Greece, France, Italy and Spain. risk of bladder caner did not increase monotonically with dose but for heavy coffee drinkers of over 10 cups per days, the risk bladder cancer increases substantially.

Dr. Sala M, the lead author said, "Nonsmokers who are heavy coffee drinkers may have a small excess risk of bladder cancer".

Other, in the analysed a case-control study in two different areas of northern Italy (555 cases and 855 controls), coffee intake and risk of bladder cancer showed that
in compared to non drinkers(RR: relative risk ratio)
1. RR 1.2 for one cup of coffee per day,
2. RR 1.4 for two,
3. RR 1.5 for three and
4 RR 1.4 for four or more
5. RR 1.5 (0.9-2.4) for decaffeinated coffee.
But in never smoked participants, the risk of bladder cancer increased significantly
1 .RR 1.9 for one or two cups per day,
2. RR 1.8 for three and
3 RR 1.5 for four or more

Taking together, there is no doubt that coffee and coffee caffeine consumption have a significant risk in exhibited incidence of  bladder cancer regardless to numbers of cups intake daily and regularly.

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(1) A dose-response meta-analysis of coffee consumption and bladder cancer by Zhou Y1, Tian C, Jia C.(PubMed)
(2) Coffee consumption and bladder cancer in nonsmokers: a pooled analysis of case-control studies in European countries by Sala M1, Cordier S, Chang-Claude J, Donato F, Escolar-Pujolar A, Fernandez F, González CA, Greiser E, Jöckel KH, Lynge E, Mannetje A, Pohlabeln H, Porru S, Serra C, Tzonou A, Vineis P, Wahrendorf J, Boffetta P, Kogevina M.(PubMed)
(3) Coffee consumption and bladder cancer risk by D'Avanzo B1, La Vecchia C, Franceschi S, Negri E, Talamini R, Buttino I.(PubMed)

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