Thursday, 2 January 2014

Herbal Andrographis Hepatoprotective effect

Andrographis paniculata is also known as Andrographis is a herbaceous plant, genus Andrographis, belonging to the family Acanthaceae, native to India and Sri Lanka. It has been used in traditional Siddha and Ayurvedic in treating the common cold, flu, upper respiratory infections, infectious diseases, diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, pneumonia, swollen lymph nodes, leprosy, bronchitis, sore throats, tuberculosis, chicken pox, etc.

The Ingredients
Beside the main ingredient andrographolides, giving the plant a bitter taste, other ingredients includediterpene lactones, such as: neoandrographolide, andrographiside, 14-doexy-11, 12-didehydro andrographolide, etc., flavonoinds viz., oroxylin, wogonin, andrographidines A, B, C, D, E, F.

The benefits
Administration of containing spray-dried aqueous extracts of Andrographis paniculata Nees. (Acanthaceae) PHF found to be pepatoprotective effect by significantly inhibited paracetamol, CCl(4) and ethanol-induced elevation levels of SGPT, SGOT, ALP, DB and LDH with little side effect, according to the study. Other in the study to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of Andrographis lineata (Acanthaceae) extracts in carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in rats, showed that the extracts exhibited hepatoprotective action and may be be considered to be used as a hepatoprotective agent. Also the chemical constituent andrographolide (AN) found in Andrographis, significantly restores serum glutamate oxalacetate transaminase and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase  level.

The Side effects
1. Antifertility
Dry leaf powder of A. paniculata increases the risk accumulating of glycogen and cholesterol in the testis, and increased activities of lactate dehydrogenase in testis and alkaline phosphatase in testis and ventral prostate, thus reducing the risk of fertility.
 2. People with gallbladder disease may want to consult with their doctor before using because of the herb stimulating gallbladder contraction effect.
3. Etc.

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(1) Hepatoprotective effect of poly herbal formulation against various hepatotoxic agents in rats.

(2) Hepatoprotective effect of leaf extracts of Andrographis lineata nees on liver damage caused by carbon tetrachloride in rats. by Sangameswaran B, Reddy TC, Jayakar B.(PubMed
(3) Enhancement of absorption and hepatoprotective potential through soya-phosphatidylcholine-andrographolide vesicular system. by Jain PK, Khurana N, Pounikar Y, Gajbhiye A, Kharya MD.(PubMed
(4) Antifertility effect of Andrographis paniculata (Nees) in male albino rat" by Akbarsha MA, Manivannan B, Hamid KS, Vijayan B., posted in (PubMed)