Thursday, 9 January 2014

Food Thrapy - Strawberries and Hypertension

Strawberry is a genius of Fragaria × ananassa belongs to the family Roseaceae. They have been grown all over the world with suitable climate for commercial profits and for health benefits.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps out  High blood pressure means raising pressure in your heart.If it stays high over time it can damage the body in many ways. Blood pressure medications have undoubtedly prevented many deaths from heart disease in the past 30 years, but they have many side effects such as damaging the kidney.

Nutrients and Chemicals constituents
1. Carbohydrate
2. Dietary fiber
3. Omega 3 fatty acid
4. Calcium
5. Iron
6. Magnesium
7. Phosphorus
8. Potassium
9. Sodium
10. Zinc
11. Copper
12. Manganese
13. Selenium
14. Vitamin C
15. Thiamin
16. Niacin
17. Pantothenic acid
18. Vitamin B-6
19. Folate
20. Vitamin B-12
21. Vitamin A
22. Vitamin E
23. Vitamin K
24. Etc. 
The major chemical compounds include anthocyanin and ellagitannins and p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, p-coumaric acid, ellagic acid, cyanidin-3-glucoside, pelargonidin-3-glucoside, kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin 
The benefits
Purified ellagitannins from strawberries were found to be effective in lowering high blood pressure and may be considered as a potential agent in management of hypertension. In the study of alpha-amylase, alpha-glucosidase, and angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE) activity using fruit extracts, in general, Strawberry cultivars with combined inhibitory potential against alpha-glucosidase and ACE and with moderate or low alpha-amylase inhibitory potential could be targeted for potential management of hyperglycemia-linked type 2 diabetes and related complication of hypertension. Other in the study of the same above showed high alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity in whole food but. However, very low in all cultivars thus low anti-hypertensive potential. 
The Side effects
1. Some people may beexperience anaphylactoid reaction to the consumption of strawberries
2. Oxalation
Oxalates in high concentration can cause problem for people with kidney diseases.
3. Etc.

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(1) Evaluation of antiproliferative, anti-type 2 diabetes, and antihypertension potentials of ellagitannins from strawberries (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) using in vitro models, by Pinto Mda S, de Carvalho JE, Lajolo FM, Genovese MI, Shetty K(PubMed)
(2) Phenolic-linked variation in strawberry cultivars for potential dietary management of hyperglycemia and related complications of hypertension. Cheplick S, Kwon YI, Bhowmik P, Shetty K.(PubMed)
(3) Functionality of bioactive compounds in Brazilian strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) cultivars: evaluation of hyperglycemia and hypertension potential using in vitro models. by da Silva Pinto M, Kwon YI, Apostolidis E, Lajolo FM, Genovese MI, Shetty K.