Indole-3-carbinol may be the pharmaceutical target in the searching of a chemo drug doe the treatment of breast cancer, some scientists suggested.
As a phytochemical in the class of Indoles, Indole-3-carbinol processes a unique function by the breaking down of the glucosinolate glucobrassicin found abundantly in cabbage, kale, Brussels sprouts, rutabaga, mustard greens, broccoli, etc.
Breast cancer is a medical and chronic condition caused by cell growth irregularly and uncontrollably in the breast tissue. At the early stage, most case breast cancer starts in the cells of the inner lining tissue of milk ducts (Ductal carcinoma) or the lobules (Lobular carcinoma) that supply the ducts with milk.
At the advanced stage, breast cancer cell caused by alternation of DNA can travel far the way from the primary site to infect other healthy tissue and organs.
Most patient at the early may have a lump when touching with no symptoms.
Patients who inherited the genetic preposition of BRCA1 and 2 are associated with over 60% of the risk of breast cancer.
However, an unhealthy diet and lifestyle are some of the preventable risk factors that form a major cause of the breast cancer onset.
Dr. Harvie M, the lead scientist on breast cancer program team at the University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, said, " The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and American Cancer Society (ACS) cancer prevention guidelines recommend maintaining a healthy weight, undertaking at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise per week, limiting alcohol consumption, and eating a plant-based" and "Lifestyle factors appear to modify risk among high-risk women with a family history and those with typical risk of the general population".
Daily physical activity and reduced intake alcohol throughout life are associated with reduced risk of developing pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer, however, smoking during adolescence or early adulthood increases later risk of breast cancer.
Dr. the lead author in the research team of cancer program in the investigation to examine the effect of indole-3-carbinol cyclic tetrameric derivative (CTet) in breast cancer cell proliferation by endoplasmic reticulum stress and autophagy-related cell death induction conducted an experiment to evaluated the synergistic activity of CTet in combination with cisplatin and doxorubicin in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines.
In MDA included -MB-231 and BT-20 triple-negative breast cancer cells, CTet in combination with both cisplatin and doxorubicin synergistically inhibits cell viability and induces autophagy.
The efficacy of the CTet and combination exerted a strong anti-cancer effect as seen in the MAP1LC3B gene that is responsible for a normal physiological process in the body in dealing with the destruction of cells.
Pre-treated with cisplatin and doxorubicin demonstrated a strong cytotoxic activity of CTet in cells in the tested cancer cell lines.
However, further data collection large example size and multi-centers studies performed with human consumption of the phytochemical during the course of the disease will be necessary to complete the picture of Indole-3-carbinol anti-breast cancer possibilities.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) The Indole-3-carbinol cyclic tetrameric derivative CTet synergizes with cisplatin and doxorubicin in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines by De Santi M1, Galluzzi L, Duranti A, Magnani M, Brandi G.(PubMed)
(2) Antitumoral activity of indole-3-carbinol cyclic tri- and tetrameric derivatives mixture in human breast cancer cells: in vitro and in vivo studies by Brandi G1, Fraternale A, Lucarini S, Paiardini M, De Santi M, Cervasi B, Paoletti MF, Galluzzi L, Duranti A, Magnani M.(PubMed).
(3) Can diet and lifestyle prevent breast cancer: what is the evidence? by Harvie M1, Howell A1, Evans DG. (PubMed)