Intake of coffee and coffee caffeine daily and regularly is associated to reduced risk of heart failure, a renowned university study suggested.
Coffee, a popular and social beverage all over the world, particularly in the West, is a drink made from roasted bean from the Coffea plant, native to tropical Africa and Madagascar.
In the review literature from the electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL) from January 1966 through December 2011, including five independent prospective studies of coffee consumption and heart failure risk, including 6522 heart failure events and 140 220 participants satisfied the a standardized protocol, researchers found that coffee consumption displayed a statistically significant J-shaped relationship between coffee and heart failure.
The most effective serving of coffee in reduced risk of heart failure incidence was 4 servings/day.
but risk of heart failure increased substantially for people drinking more than 4 cups daily and regularly.
Furthermore, other factors such as sex or by baseline history of myocardial infarction or diabetes showed insignificant risk to heart failure developing.
Additionally, in cohorts studies, included 59,490 Finnish participants aged 25-74 years, free of HF at baseline, risk of HF associated with the amount of coffee consumption daily (0, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-9 and ≥10 cups) were 1.00, 0.9, 0.88, 0.91, 0.96 and 1.02 for men and 1.00, 0.73, 0.77, 0.68, 0.80 and 0.88 for women, respectively.
Promisingly, according to the meta-analyses of recent well-controlled prospective epidemiologic studies, conducted by the National University of Singapore and National University Health System, coffee-consumption associated with a lower risk of heart failure and for most healthypeople, moderate coffee consumption is unlikely to adversely affect cardiovascular health.
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Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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(1) Habitual coffee consumption and risk of heart failure: a dose-response meta-analysis by Mostofsky E1, Rice MS, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA.(PubMed)
(2) Coffee consumption and the risk of heart failure in Finnish men and women by Wang Y1, Tuomilehto J, Jousilahti P, Antikainen R, Mähönen M, Männistö S, Katzmarzyk PT, Hu G.(PubMed)
(3) Coffee consumption and cardiovascular health: getting to the heart of the matter by Rebello SA1, van Dam RM.(PubMed)