Friday, 13 October 2017

Food Therapy: Dried Peas In Reduced Risk and Treatment of Hyperlipidemia

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Epidemiological studies suggested that intake of dried peas fiber daily and regularly may have a significant effect in reduced risk of hyperlipidemia.

Dried peas is a small but nutritionally mighty member of the legume family, genus Pisum belongings to the family Fabaceae processed healthy source of proteins, fibers, vitamins and minerals.

Hyperlipidemia is a condition chareacterized by high levels of cholesterol in the blood stream.

In a study of 173 women and men, with a mean body mass index of approximately 36 kg m(-2) (one-fifth with diabetes type 2) randomizedly assigned to a high-fibre bean-rich diet that achieved mean (SD) fibre intakes of 35.5 (18.6) g day for women and 42.5 (30.3) g day for men, or a low-carbohydrate diet, researchers found that
1. High bean fiber intake showed a better weight loss and weight control in compared to low carbohydrate diet group.
2. Intake of bean fiber group expressed a significant decreased of Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and total cholesterol levels in compared to other group.

Dr. Tonstad S, the led author said, "A high-fibre bean-rich diet was as effective as a low-carbohydrate diet for weight loss, although only the bean-rich diet lowered atherogenic lipids".

Additionally, in dyslipidemia rats study to evaluate the effects of grain-bean package, dietary fiber (DF) extracted from grain-bean package, and DF from grain corn on the blood lipids and fatty acid synthase (FAS) activity in high-fat, high-cholesterol feeding by randomly assigned into normal control group, hyperlipidemia model group, grain-bean package group, grain-bean package DF group and grain corn group, researchers after adjusting to other risk factors filed the following results
1. Rats in hyperlipidemic model group showed a increased total cholesterol (TC), triglyceridaemia (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG) in compared to groups
2. In compared to hyperlipidemic model group, grain-bean package group, grain-bean package DF group, expressed significantly decreased total cholesterol (TC), triglyceridaemia (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting blood glucose and significantly increased HDL-C levels.

The results of these findings demonstrated that dietary fiber can improve blood lipids levels indyslipidemic subject, decrease FAS activity and regulating SREBP-1c mRNA in glucose metabolic expression.

Dr. Ullrich IH. in the review literature of a high-fiber diet in hyperlipidemia suggested that fiber from sources such as bean and karaya, have a strong effect in decreased total cholesterol due primarily to a decrease in the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol fraction and adding large amounts of sucrose into fiber may offer some protection against an increase in cholesterol and triglyceride levels as both normal and elevated triglyceride levels appear to be more resistant to change with dietary fiber.

Taking altogether, just like other bean fiber, intake of dried bean fiber may have a profound effect in reduced risk and treatment of hyperlipidemia, one of major cause of heart disease and stroke.

(1) A high-fibre bean-rich diet versus a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity by Tonstad S1, Malik N, Haddad E.(PubMed)
(2) [Effect of grain-bean package, grain-bean package dietary fiber and single whole grain dietary fiber on dyslipidemia rats].[Article in Chinese] by Liu Y, Zhai C, Sun G, Zhang H, Jiang M, Zhang H, Guo J, Lan X.(PubMed)
(3) Evaluation of a high-fiber diet in hyperlipidemia: a review by Ullrich IH.(PubMed)

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