Monday, 23 October 2017

Food Therapy: Dried peas Water Soluble Fibers in Attenuated Risk of Hypercholesterolemia

Kyle J. Norton

Water soluble fibers found in dried peas may have potential effects in reduced risk of hypercholesterolemia, a joint universities study suggested.

Dried pea is a small but nutritionally mighty member of the legume family, genus Pisum belongings to the family Fabaceae with healthy source of proteins, fibers, vitamins and minerals.

Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by abnormal high of total cholesterol in the blood stream.

According to study led by the University of California, dietary soluble fibers intake found in dried peas and other sources has been associated with health benefits in reduced lipid levels and other ailments.

In the review studies of literature published and related to the hypocholesterolemic effects of dietary soluble fibers and fiber-rich foods, researchers showed that
1. Daily consumption of water-soluble, viscous-forming fibers can reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by about 5-10 %;
2. Observation of effect of dietary water soluble also expressed some minimal changes high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
3. Types of soluble fiber and phytochemicals presented in the food also exerted different effects in cholesterol-lowering activities with medium to high molecular weight fibers were more effective.

Furthermore, in the 68 hyperlipidemic adults consumed a test (high-fiber) and a control low-fat (25% of energy), low-cholesterol (<150 mg/d) diet for 1 mo each, randomized crossover study with high-fiber diet included 4 servings/d of foods containing beta-glucan or psyllium that delivered 8 g/d more soluble fiber than in the control diet, researchers showed that high fibers dietary group expressed a reduced total cholestero, total:HDL cholesterol, LDL:HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B:A-I  in compared to control.

Also in comparison of both diets, there were no significant differences in palatability or gastrointestinal symptoms.

Dr. Jenkins DJ, the led author said, "The reduction in serum lipid risk factors for cardiovascular disease supports the FDA's approval of a health claim for a dietary fiber intake of 4 servings/d. Although relatively small in terms of patient treatment, the reduction in cardiovascular disease risk is likely to be significant on a population basis".

Finally, according to the University of Naples, the study of the effect of diet in lipid and glucose levels of diabetics indicated the following and interesting results
1. Dietary fiber has the ability to retard food digestion and nutrient absorption and certainly has an important influence on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism
2. Dietary also has a profound effect in influence of the accessibility of nutrients by digestive enzymes, thus delaying digestion and absorption.
3. the consumption of legumes, vegetables, and fruits--rich in water-soluble fiber--should be particularly encouraged i healthy and diabetics.

Dr. Riccardi G, the led author concluded " a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fat should be recommended to all diabetic patients to prevent cardiovascular disease. A balanced increase in consumption of fiber-rich foods and unsaturated fat is the most rational way to replace foods rich in saturated fat and cholesterol in the diabetic diet".

The collect information, dries peas with abundant water fibers may be considered as a functional food in reduced risk of hypercholesterolemia, one of major risk factor of cardiovascular disease.

Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Lipid Lowering with Soluble Dietary Fiber by Surampudi P1, Enkhmaa B1, Anuurad E1, Berglund L2,3.(PubMed)
(2) Soluble fiber intake at a dose approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for a claim of health benefits: serum lipid risk factors for cardiovascular disease assessed in a randomized controlled crossover trial by Jenkins DJ1, Kendall CW, Vuksan V, Vidgen E, Parker T, Faulkner D, Mehling CC, Garsetti M, Testolin G, Cunnane SC, Ryan MA, Corey PN.(PubMed)
(3) Effects of dietary fiber and carbohydrate on glucose and lipoprotein metabolism in diabetic patients by Riccardi G1, Rivellese AA.(PubMed)

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