Saturday, 17 August 2019

Turmeric Inhibits the Plaque Formation that Cause Gingivitis

By Kyle J. Norton

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of periodontal disease caused by inflammation of the gingiva, leading to symptoms of irritation, redness, and swelling of the gum that lines the base of the teeth.

Gingivitis dental plaques formed around the base of the teeth are sticky biofilm of bacteria associated with the interaction of the food intake and bacteria in the mouth. Over time, if untreated, the condition can lead to periodontitis and advanced periodontitis.

At this early stage, the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.  The problems can be reversed by more frequent and proper brushing and flossing.

Most common cause of gingivitis is poor hygiene. Epidemiologically, risk factors induce the onset of gingivitis are smoking or chewing tobacco. diabetes and long-term use of certain medication including oral contraceptives, steroids, anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers.

Some people under treatment of chemotherapy may also experience symptoms of gingivitis.

The Colgate Professional in the examined the symptoms advised that  if you have experienced some of the symptoms that  do not heal themselves in a short time, such as puffy or swollen, or tender, bleeding during brushing or flossing, teeth that look longer due to receded gum, gums that have separated or pulled away, from your teeth, creating a pocket, changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite, pus coming from between your teeth and gums, and constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth, you may have gingivitis.

Turmeric is a perennial plant in the genus Curcuma, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, native to tropical South Asia.

The herb has been used in traditional medicine as anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, colorant, antiseptic, wound healing agent, and for the treatment of flatulence, bloating, and appetite loss, ulcers, eczema, inflammations, etc.

On finding a natural compound that benefits oral health against bacterial infection, researchers compared the efficacy of turmeric mouthwash and chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in the prevention of gingivitis and plaque formation.

The study included a total of 100 randomly selected subjects with the age between 25 to 35 years having fair and poor gingival index scores and a score >1 for plaque index visited the Department of Periodontology at Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Dental College and Hospital.

According to the gingival index (GI) by Loe and followed by Turesky- Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quigley Hein plaque index (TQHPI) at 0, 14 and 21 days, researchers found that
* There is no significant difference in the mean gingival index (GI) in chlorhexidine mouthwash, compared to turmeric mouthwash

* Both types of mouthwash exerted a significant reduction in the total microbial counts.

* Chlorhexidine and turmeric mouthwash demonstrated a similar effect in the total microbial count.

* Statistically chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash showed significant reduction (p < 0.05) in mean plaque index (PI), compared to turmeric mouthwash.

Based on the findings, researchers concluded, "it can be concluded that chlorhexidine gluconate, as well as turmeric mouthwash, can be effectively used as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control methods in prevention of plaque and gingivitis" and "Chlorhexidine gluconate has been found to be more effective when the antiplaque property was considered".

In other words, turmeric is definitely a good mechanical plaque control, particularly, if the cost is taking into account.

Taken altogether, turmeric processed abundantly bioactive compound curcumin may be considered supplements for the plaque formation in orchestrating gingivitis, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of turmeric in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Comparative evaluation of turmeric and chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in prevention of plaque formation and gingivitis: a clinical and microbiological study by Waghmare PF1, Chaudhari AU, Karhadkar VM, Jamkhande AS. (PubMed)
(2) What Are The Stages Of Gum Disease? by The Colgate Professional

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