Friday, 23 August 2019

Cranberry, Inhibits the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

By Kyle J. Norton

The kidneys formed part of the secretary system are two bean-shaped organs located against the back muscles in the upper abdominal area.

The kidneys play a critical role in filtering wastes from the breakdown of active muscle and the food you eat and removing extra water from the blood through urinary secretion.

Futhermore, the kidneys also maintain the fluid in the body by secreting extra water through urinary secretion.

Kidney dysfunction reduces the body's ability to clean and filter extra water from your blood, leading to fluid retention and high blood pressure in the early stage. Believe it or not, people with a kidney function of  10% do not show signs of kidney dysfunction and symptoms.

In other words, kidney disease often has no symptoms until at a very advanced stage.

Chronic kidney disease is a gradual loss of kidney function over time. Chronic kidney failure is the end stage of chronic kidney disease which has been found in high number in patients with diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders.

Acute kidney dysfunction or acute kidneys failure is a result of insufficient blood flow to the kidneys such as renal hypertension. These types of kidneys dysfunction can be cured if the causes are found.

Most cases of acute kidney dysfunction may be associated with toxin accumulated in the kidney organs, leading to the condition of nephrotoxicity.

Nephrotoxicity is a condition of kidney function caused by exposure to toxic chemicals or overdose of certain medications.

Some researchers suggested that people with diabetes are at an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, particularly in those with hyperglycemia.

The National Kidney Foundation wrote, "Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% percent of new cases. Current research suggests that control of high blood pressure is a key factor in slowing this disease. The strict control of blood sugar levels and reduction of dietary protein intake are also important. Treatment to prevent diabetic kidney disease should begin early — before kidney damage develops".

Cranberry is an evergreen dwarf shrub, genus Vaccinium, belongings to the family Ericaceae, native to Northern America and Southern Asia. Because of its health benefits, cranberry has been cultivated in some parts of the world for commercial profit and used in traditional and herbal medicine to treat wounds, urinary disorders, diarrhea, diabetes, stomach ailments, and liver problems.

On finding a potential compound for the treatment of renal disease, researchers examined the effect Vaccinium macrocarpon (Dandelion)and Taraxacum officinale (Cranberry) on spontaneous feline chronic kidney disease.

The study included 34 neutered cats, suffering from stage II-III chronic kidney disease and diagnosed according to the International Renal Interest Society guidelines randomly assigned to receive either a control diet (n = 17) or a nutraceutical diet (ND; n = 17) containing 60-80% hydrolyzed proteins, 20-40% minerals and active substances (Lespedeza spp. 0.0588, Vaccinium macrocarpon 0.0371%, and Taraxacum officinale 0.0231%.) for 90 days.

According to tested analysis, both showed a significant effect on the reduced symptoms.

Cats that received the ND exerted a significant decrease of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, total proteins, and aspartate aminotransferase. The elevated levels of the aforementioned parameters have been found persistently in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Furthermore, urine turbidity score, color score, and total proteins associated with the progression of CKD in cats that received the ND were also decreased substantially.

Collectively, researchers after taking other factors into account said, "An ND based on Lespedeza spp., Vaccinium macrocarpon, and Taraxacum officinale improves key indicators of renal failure in cats affected by chronic kidney disease".

Taken altogether, cranberry may be considered a remedy for the prevention and treatment of CKD, particularly in the combination with dandelion and Lespedeza spp, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Cranberries - potential benefits in patients with chronic kidney disease by de Almeida Alvarenga L 1, Borges NA, Moreira LSG, Resende Teixeira KT, Carraro-Eduardo JC, Dai L, Stenvinkel P, Lindholm B, Mafra D. (PubMed)
(2) A nutraceutical diet based on Lespedeza spp., Vaccinium macrocarpon and Taraxacum officinale improves spontaneous feline chronic kidney disease by Di Cerbo A1,2, Iannitti T3, Guidetti G4, Centenaro S4, Canello S5, Cocco R. (PubMed)
(3) DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE by The National Kidney Foundation

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