Wednesday, 7 August 2019

Healthy Food Turmeric, a Natural Prevention and Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis (UC)<, Researchers Say

By Kyle J. Norton

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease induced chronic inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the digestive tract.

The disease affects the colon and the rectum, leading to bloody diarrhea accompanied by symptoms of belly pain, not feeling hungry, fatigue, weight loss, dehydration.

Some patients may also experience symptoms of joint pain or soreness and sudden urges to empty the colon right away.

The UC is caused by the immune system mistakenly attacks the cell of the colon, leading to low-grade inflammation.

According to the statistic, in the US, approximately, 1.6 million Americans are living with inflammatory bowel disease, including 907,000 people with ulcerative colitis.

More precisely, the risk of people diagnosed with ulcerative colitis per 100,000 person-years is between 2 and 14.

Conventionally, the treatment of UC is focused on reduced symptoms and prevent the fare up. In some cases, surgery may be necessary if the medication fails.

The are many prevalent factors associated with UC, including aging, ethnicity, and family. However, some researchers suggested that the promotion of a high-fat diet over the past few decades may have a strong implication in inducing the rise of ulcerative colitis.

Dr. Mitsuro Chiba, the lead scientist wrote, " Diets rich in animal protein (risk factor) and deficient in dietary fiber (preventive factor) are characteristic of westernized diets in affluent societies. Recent research shows that westernized diets are associated with reduced gut microbial diversity (dysbiosis), which may result in increased susceptibility to IBD and other common chronic diseases".

And, "Plant-based diets rich in dietary fiber are associated with increased microbial diversity. Recent reports on IBD therapy that replaced westernized diets with plant-based diets achieved far better outcomes than those previously reported in the literature. We believe that westernized diet-associated gut dysbiosis is the most ubiquitous environmental factor in IBD".

 The results strongly link the risk of IBD in people who follow the Western diet.

Turmeric is a perennial plant in the genus Curcuma, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, native to tropical South Asia.

The herb has been used in traditional medicine as anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, colorant, antiseptic, wound healing agent, and to treat flatulence, bloating, and appetite loss, ulcers, eczema, inflammations, etc.

On finding a potential compound for the treatment of ulcerative colitis, researchers conducted a systematical review and meta-analyze on the efficacy of oral curcumin administration as adjuvant therapy of UC. MEDLINE, Cochrane/CENTRAL,, WHO-ICT.

According to the findings, With the M-H method, treatment with curcumin was significantly superior to placebo but not in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis.

However, with the more accurate B-B method, both analyses were found to be insignificant.

In other words, oral curcumin administration was not superior to placebo in attaining remission in patients with UC.

In other to clarify the effect of curcumin on UC, a joint study led by the Bassett Medical Center was conducted by searching the databases of medical literature in the MEDLINE, Pubmed, and Embase through December 2017.

According to the results of 3 randomized controlled trials including 142 patients included in the study, clinical improvement, endoscopic remission, and improvement rate also trended higher in the curcumin group compared to placebo.

In other words, higher clinical remission rates when curcumin was used in combination with mesalamine to achieve remission in patients with UC.

Dr. Iqb al U, the lead scientist wrote, "Curcumin, due to its cost effectiveness and safer side effect profile, can decrease the healthcare burden and morbidity associated with this relapsing and remitting disease".

Taken altogether, turmeric processed a high amount of bioactive compound curcumin may be considered supplements for the prevention of ulcerative colitis, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of turmeric in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Oral Adjuvant Curcumin Therapy for Attaining Clinical Remission in Ulcerative Colitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials by Grammatikopoulou MG1,2,3, Gkiouras K4,5, Theodoridis X6,7, Asteriou E8, Forbes A9, Bogdanos DP. (PubMed)
(2) Use of Curcumin in Achieving Clinical and Endoscopic Remission in Ulcerative Colitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis by Iqbal U1, Anwar H2, Quadri AA. (PubMed)
(3) Westernized Diet is the Most Ubiquitous Environmental Factor in Inflammatory Bowel Disease by Mitsuro Chiba, MD, PhD1; Kunio Nakane, MD, PhD1; Masafumi Komatsu, MD, Ph.D. (the Permanente Journal)

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