Tuesday, 20 August 2019

Navy Bean Inhibits the Onset and Progression of Diseases Associated with Acute-Inflammation in Vivo

By Kyle J. Norton

Inflammation is a natural response by the immune system to protect the body against the invasion of stimuli or foreign pathogens.

Acute inflammation is a short-term condition caused by tissue injury, leading to pain, redness, swelling, and heat to the affected area. depending on the size of the injury. Some patients with acute inflammation may also experience the symptom of loss of function.

In acute inflammation, the white blood cells on the first line of defense of the immune system after sensing the danger of an infection in the body through a message from the brain stimulate the production of platelets to cover  the site of injury or damage and inflammatory cytokines to kill off all pathogens before they can cause harm to the body.

Most cases on infection are stopped at the acute phase. The wound or injury are slowly recovered.

However, people with the weakened immune system, acute inflammatory progression cannot be stopped due to the inability of the immune system to destroy all invaders, that may lead to low-grade chronic inflammation.

Anti-inflammation is the process that inhibits inflammation or swelling without affecting the immune property to curb foreign pathogens.

Conventionally, the most common use of anti-inflammatory medicines is over counter aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) and other prescription NSAIDs.

Holistically, according to the Medical University Innsbruck, the top 5 anti-inflammatory foods are
* Garlic
Recent studies also showed that garlic exhibits its anti-inflammatory effects against chronic inflammatory disease through phytochemical allicin and other mechanisms.

* Ginger
Strong evidence in Western studies suggested that ginger processes anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immune-modulatory effects.

* Turmeric
 Epidemiological studies also found that the efficacy of turmeric for the treatment of diabetes, microbial infection gastrointestinal diseases and irregular cell growth such as cancer through its anti-inflammatory antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities.

* Green tea
Epidemiological studies suggested that green tea consists of many pharmaceutical properties, including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-allergy, anti-micro-organisms infection, through its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immune modulatory activities.

* Shiitake mushrooms
 Recent studies showed that Shiitake mushrooms process the properties of anti-cancer, anti-HIV and hepatitis virus, enhanced immune system against inflammation.

The small, white navy bean, also called pea bean or haricot, popular in both dry and green forms, is very popular in Britain and the US, native to Peru. It is now grown and consumed across the world, due to their numerous health benefits.

With an aim to find a potential ingredient for diseases associated with acute inflammation, researchers examined the enriched levels of nondigestible fermentable carbohydrates and phenolic compounds found in black and navy beans immunomodulatory effects on severity of colitis-associated inflammatory pathology.

In an animal model, C57Bl/6 mice were pre-fed isocaloric 20% cooked navy bean (NB) or black bean (BB) diets for 3 weeks and switched to control basal diet (BD) 24 h prior to colitis induction via 5-day exposure to dextran sodium sulfate (2% w/v in drinking water)+3 days of fresh water, researchers found that
* The severity of the acute colitis phenotype associated with inflammation was inhibited by bean prefeeding, observed by reduced colon tissue inflammatory transcription factor activation such as NFκB, STAT3) and inflammatory mediator levels such as IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18 and MCP-1 compared to control.

* Black and navy beans also stimulated the biomarkers that enhance wound repair responses. including colon tissue protein levels of IL-22, IL-27.

* Furthermore, black and navy beans diet also increase the mRNA expressions of genes involved in the normal colonic epithelial function and the promotion of epithelial barrier integrity, defense and/or restitution and wound closure in acute colonic inflammation.

Based on the findings, researchers concluded, " bean supplementation prior to colitis induction (i.e., mimicking disease relapse) primes the colonic microenvironment to attenuate the severity of the colitis inflammatory phenotype and maintain aspects of epithelial barrier function".



Taken altogether, navy bean may be considered a remedy for the prevention and treatment of acute inflamation, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) (1) Navy and black bean supplementation attenuates colitis-associated inflammation and colonic epithelial damage by Monk JM1, Wu W2, Hutchinson AL3, Pauls P4, Robinson LE3, Power KA. (PMC)
(2) Cooked navy and black bean diets improve biomarkers of colon health and reduce inflammation during colitis by Zhang C1, Monk JM1, Lu JT1, Zarepoor L1, Wu W1, Liu R1, Pauls KP2, Wood GA3, Robinson L4, Tsao R1, Power KA. (PubMed)

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