Saturday, 17 August 2019

Healthy Legume Navy Bean Reduces the Risk and Onset of Cardiovascular Disease

By Kyle J. Norton

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases involved in the heart or blood vessels. In other words, CVD includes heart disease and stroke

Heart Disease is a medical condition associated with reduced function of the heart in pumping blood to the body through its blood vessels.

In the US, heart disease causes the death of approximately 610,000 Americans every year. More precisely 1 in every 4 deaths in the US is associated with heart disease.

Most cases of heart diseases are caused by high blood pressure that contributes to hardening of the arteries, and high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL)  that causes the build-up of plaque in the arteries.

High levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) has been found epidemiologically, associated with an uncontrolled diet with high levels of saturated fat and trans fat, that lead to the formation of atherosclerosis lesions and eventually arterial blockage.

In other words, anything that serves to damage the inner lining of blood vessels and impedes the transportation of oxygen and nutrition to the heart is a risk of heart disease.

A stroke is caused by the interruption or reduction of blood supply to part of the brain that deprives brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients, leading to the death of brain cells.

According to the statistics, every year, more than 795,000 people in the US have a stroke, including the 610,000 cases of new strokes.

Believe it or not,  1 of 4 cases of stroke are in people who have had a previous stroke.

There are similar causes of stroke and heart diseases, but in stroke, the result is more severe. Any delay in rescuing will result in the death of the victim.

The small, white navy bean, also called pea bean or haricot, popular in both dry and green forms, is very popular in Britain and the US, native to Peru. The legume is now grown and consumed across the world, due to their numerous health benefits.

With an aim to find a potential ingredient for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, researchers examined the navy beans and rice bran effect on regulating blood lipids in adults and children.

The pilot, randomized-controlled, clinical trial included 38 children (10 ± 0.8 years old) with abnormal cholesterol who consumed a snack for 4 weeks containing either: no navy bean or rice bran (control); 17.5 g/day cooked navy bean powder; 15 g/day heat-stabilized rice bran; or 9 g/day navy beans and 8 g/day rice bran.

According to the analysis of the plasma metabolites extracted, navy bean and/or rice bran consumption influenced 71 plasma compounds compared to control (p ≤ 0.05), with lipids representing 46% of the total plasma metabolome.

In other words, navy bean intake causes significant changes of 18 plasma lipids compared to only 10 plasma lipids for the rice bran group and 48 lipids compared to only 40 in the rice bran group compared to baseline.

More precisely, the intake of navy bean had a positive impact on blood lipid metabolism in reducing CVD risk in children.

Additional differentiation of the navy bean anti hypercholesterol activity, researchers found that the efficacy of navy bean was attributed to the decrease of free fatty acids associated with metabolic diseases (palmitate and arachidonate) and increase of the relative abundance of endogenous anti-inflammatory lipids.

Based on the results, researchers said, " Findings from this pilot study support the need for investigating the effects of these foods for longer durations to reduce CVD risk".

Taken altogether, navy bean may be considered a remedy for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease caused by high blood cholesterol, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Navy Bean and Rice Bran Intake Alters the Plasma Metabolome of Children at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease by Li KJ1, Borresen EC1, Jenkins-Puccetti N2, Luckasen G2, Ryan EP. (PubMed)
(2) Heart Diseases- Causes, Symptoms, Types, Preventions & Treatments by Kyle J. Norton
(3) Stroke -- The Causes by Kyle J. Norton

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