Fertility is a natural process to ensure the survival of human species. Through natural selection, we produce many offsprings when the reproductive system works at its peak in a suitable environment.
In other words, female fertility is the ability of women to conceive a biological child before menopause compared to male fertility which generally relies on the quantity and quality of the sperms.
But regardless of all factors, most women are capable of conceiving during their menstrual cycle before reaching the stage of menopause.
Infertility is a condition characterized by the inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse or can not carry the pregnancy to term.
The condition affects over 5 million couple alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of unawareness of treatments, only 10% seeks help from a professional specialist.
Epidemiologically, the rate of pregnancy statistics shows that before:
* The age of 31, 73% of women will get pregnant within one year, and 90% within four years.
* The age of 36, 65% of women will get pregnant within one year, and 82% within four years.
* The age of 41, 40% of women will get pregnant within one year, and 60% within four years.
You can see the rate of pregnancy goes down with age.
Although women can get pregnant anytime during their menstrual cycle, the best days to get pregnant are 2 days before and after ovulation because the sperm can only survive 2-3 days(sperm may survive up to 6 days) in the uterus after ejaculating into the vagina.
In the Western world, most cases of infertility are associated with no explanation.
Unexplained causes of infertility may be the reasons which drive many couples to seek help from alternative medicine.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) or ginger root, the second superfood used for thousands of years by mankind, is the genus Zingiber, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, native to Tamil.
The root has been used in traditional and Chinese medicine to treat dyspepsia, gastroparesis, constipation, edema, difficult urination, colic, etc.
Researchers on finding a natural ingredient for the treatment of female infertility examined the effects of ginger powder on ovarian folliculogenesis and implantation in an animal model.
Selected rats for the study were divided into 2 groups. 7 rats included in each in 5 days (one estrous cycle) treatment was given 100 mg ginger powder, 200 mg ginger powder and or distilled water respectively.
In the 10 days treatment group, same doses were given for 10 days (two estrous cycles) to the three subgroups each also containing seven rats.
According to results from the tested assay at the end of the 5th day, the 5-day treatment group with 100 mg ginger subgroup exerted a significantly higher antral follicle count and ovarian stromal VEGF, an indication of increased blood in the ovaries, compared to other subgroups.
Observation at the end of the 10th days, the 10 days treatment groups with 100 mg ginger showed a significantly higher endometrial VEGF and ovarian stromal eNOS, compared to the other groups.
In other words, ginger at doses of 100mg improved the function of ovaries secretion of mature follicles and endometrial function in facilitating conception by increasing blood flow to the reproductive organs.
Interestingly, at 200 mg ginger dose produced no statistically significant difference in both 5-day and 10-day treatment groups.
The finding strongly suggested that ginger improved female fertility in doses dependent manner. The optimized doses to induce fertility are 100mg.
Researchers in the final report wrote, "The increases in the antral follicle count and ovarian stromal VEGF in the 100 mg/5-day treatment subgroup indicate that ginger has positive effects on folliculogenesis in short term with a low dose. Additionally, ginger may enhance implantation in rats in the long term with low dose".
Taken altogether, ginger may be considered a functional remedy for the improvement of female fertility, pending to the confirmation of larger sample sized and multicenter human study.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Ginger (zingiber officinale) might improve female fertility: A rat model by Nafiye Banu SevenaHakan,Timura Ayçağ,Yorgancıa Hasan, Ali İnalb Müberra, Namlı,Kalemc, Ziya Kalemd, ÖzgeHane, Banu Bilezikçie (Science Direct)