Saturday, 20 April 2019

Herbal Artichoke, the Anti Skin Cancer Herbal Remedy

By Kyle J. Norton

Scientists may have found a natural whole food for the treatment of skin cancer with no side effects, according to studies.

Skin cancer is a medical condition caused by cell growth irregularly in the skin tissue. Most cases of skin cancer begin in the cells on the surface of the inner lining of the skin due to the alternation of DNA.

The causes of skin cancer are unknown. However, researchers do know that personal and family history, fair skin, long-term exposure sun UVB are some prevalent risk factors of the disease.

In the Western world, the common factor linking a person to skin cancer is cumulative sun exposure induced basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer.

According to the statistics, approximately 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers are associated with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer. 

In the US, sadly to say that approximately 4.3 million cases of BCC are diagnosed each year, causing the death of 3000 people.

Believe or not, more people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year in the U.S. than all other cancers combined.

Dr. Caroline Chang, in the concerns of widespread, nake skin exposure to the sun in the Summer in the risk of skin cancer, wrote, "Although personal melanoma risk factors are well established,... The desire to be tan, which has its roots in the medical profession, retains its popularity today despite evidence linking UV exposure to skin cancer". 

The findings strongly suggested that the general public although has been warned that UV exposure is associated with skin cancer risk but some most people still have a desire to be tan.

Artichoke is a perennial thistle of Cynara cardunculus species of the Cynara genus, belonging to the family Carduoideae native to Southern Europe around the Mediterranean.

The herbal plant has been used in traditional medicine as a liver protective and detoxified agent, and to treat digestive disorders, abdominal pain gas and bloating, etc.

On finding a natural ingredient for the treatment of skin cancer with no side effects, researchers investigated the methanol extract of the flowers of artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) exhibited remarkable antitumor activity in an in vivo two-stage carcinogenesis test in mice.

Mice selected to the study were induced skin cancer by the injection of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA).

The active fraction of the methanol extract including four triterpene alcohols and their corresponding acetates showed inhibitory effects on TPA-induced inflammation (1 microg/ear) with a 50% inhibitory dose of 0.50-0.91 micromol/ear.

Furthermore, the anti-skin cancer activity of 2 taraxastane-type hydroxy triterpenes, taraxasterol and faradiol, isolated from the flowers of Compositae plants Cynara scolymus (artichoke) and Chrysanthemum morifilolium (chrysanthemum), also demonstrated a similar effect in the previous study against 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation in mice.

More precisely, these compounds inhibited the tumor-promoting effect of TPA (1 microgram/mouse) on skin tumor formation following initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene (50 micrograms/mouse).

Taken altogether, artichoke processed numbers of the bioactive compound may be considered a functional remedy for the prevention and treatment of skin cancer, pending to the results from a larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Inhibitory effect of the flowers of artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) on TPA-induced inflammation and tumor promotion in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin by Yasukawa K1, Matsubara H, Sano Y. (PubMed)
(2) Inhibitory effect of taraxastane-type triterpenes on tumor promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin by Yasukawa K1, Akihisa T, Oinuma H, Kaminaga T, Kanno H, Kasahara Y, Tamura T, Kumaki K, Yamanouchi S, Takido M. (PubMed)

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