Tuesday, 30 April 2019

Turmeric Protects the Nerves Against the Onset of Diabetic Neuropathy

By Kyle J. Norton

Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of patients with diabetes associated with nerves damage, ranging from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to problems with your digestive system.

Most cases of diabetic neuropathy are involved in diabetics who have a history of hyperglycemia caused by long-term high levels of glucose in the bloodstream, urinary tract, blood vessels, and heart.

Diabetic neuropathy can be classified into 4 main types, including.
* Peripheral neuropathy is the most common type of diabetic neuropathy, affecting the nerves that control the feet and legs first, followed by the hands and arms.

* The autonomic neuropathy that affects the nerves that control the heart, bladder, stomach, intestines, sex organs and eyes.

* Radiculoplexus neuropathy found mostly in older patients affects nerves that control the thighs, hips, buttocks or legs.

* Mononeuropathy, or focal neuropathy also found commonly in older patients affects the nerves that control the face, middle of the body (torso) or leg.

The exact causes of diabetic neuropathy are totally depending on the type of neuropathy. However, damage of nerves and blood vessels in the affected area has been found to induce by over time, uncontrolled high blood sugar.

In other words, diabetic neuropathy is preventable by keeping the blood glucose in the healthy range.

Dr. Michael Greger M.D. FACLM in the article "the best diet for diabetic neuropathy" wrote, "
(By examing) people eating different diets found that nine months or more on a strict plant-based diet appeared to remove the trans fat from their bodies (or at least their butts). Their pain, however, didn’t take nine months to get better—it got better in days".

In the explanation of the results, the researcher continued, "More likely, it was due to an improvement in blood flow. “[N]erve biopsies in diabetics with severe progressive neuropathy…have shown small vessel disease within the nerve.” There are blood vessels within our nerves that can get clogged up too. The oxygen levels in the nerves of diabetics were found to be lower than even the levels of de-oxygenated blood".

Turmeric is a perennial plant in the genus Curcuma, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, native to tropical South Asia.

The herb has been used in traditional medicine as anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, colorant, antiseptic, wound healing agent, and for the treatment of flatulence, bloating, and appetite loss, ulcers, eczema, inflammations, etc.

In the urgency to find a potential ingredient for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy researchers examined the turmeric antioxidant property, anti-inflammatory, CNS depressant effect, antibacterial and antifungal property.

According to the results of the experiment, turmeric inhibited the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy by improving the antioxidant in the reduction of the level of oxidative stress associated with the occurrence of the present complication.

Furthermore, turmeric also enhanced the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity against the spread of infection.

In other words, turmeric inhibited diabetic neuropathy through a number of mechanisms involved in the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity.

In order to review more information about turmeric effect, researchers investigated Nishamalaki (NA), a combination of Curcuma longa and Emblica officinalis in the prevention of diabetic neuropathy.

The study included diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic Wistar rats under treatment of 12 weeks.

Selected rats were randomly divided into group I (Control) vehicle treated consists of 6 rats and 
group II-VII Diabetic Control, NA low dose, NA High dose, Glibenclamide, Pioglitazone and Epalrestat respectively.

Diabetes-induced in 36 Wistar rats with Streptozotocin (STZ) (35mg/kg) intraperitoneally followed by High Fat High Fructose diet. After confirmation of the development of diabetes; rats divided into six groups as the aforementioned division.

Compared to other treatment groups, Nishamalaki (NA) not only controlled hyperglycemia and reduced lipid levels but also effectively prevented the development of diabetic neuropathy.

Taken altogether, turmeric used alone or combined with other herbal medicine may be considered supplements for the prevention of diabetic neuropathy, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of turmeric in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Investigation of the utility of Curcuma caesia in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy by Grover M1, Shah K2, Khullar G3, Gupta J1, Behl T. (PubMed)
(2) Evaluation of Effect of Nishamalaki on STZ and HFHF Diet Induced Diabetic Neuropathy in Wistar Rats by Dawane JS1, Pandit VA2, Bhosale MS3, Khatavkar PS. (PubMed)
(3) Best Diet for Diabetic Neuropathy. Written By Michael Greger M.D. FACLM on January 1st, 2019

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