Intake of fennel daily and regularly may have a profound and positive effect in enhancing memory, some scientists suggested.
The human brain consists of billions of neurons, some of them were given a special function in storing the event from the past.
In other words, There is a faculty in the human brain in which the mind stores and remembers information.
There are 2 types of memory. The short-term memory (STM) is a temporary storage system that processes the working memory, reacted by taking into information that already was happened in the past.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species of the genus, belongings to Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), native to the Mediterranean.
The herbal medicine has been used in traditional and herbal medicine, like warming, carminative, antispasmodic, antidepressant agent and to stimulate the appetite, ease indigestion, soothe coughing, reduce intestinal spasms, to regulate the menstrual cycle and relieve PMS,...
According to the observation of urinary levels of vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), daily administration of F. vulgare extract (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight) 1 h prior to the induction of stress, exerted a significantly altered the stress in reducing central nervous system in the expression of stress hormone production from 395.79 to 347.12, 311.21 and 258.86 μg/kg, receptively.
In compared to ascorbic acid, fennel extracts treated groups also exhibited potent antioxidant effect by inhibiting lipid peroxidation in both tested rats liver and brain homogenates to a greater extent.
These results suggested that fennel extract may also improve brain function by reduced oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in the induction of neuron cells cytotoxicity and apoptosis in facilitating plagues accumulation in the neurons, the process has long been found to decrease long-term memory recalled.
At the same period, memory deficits induced by scopolamine (1mg/kg, i.p.) in rats was significantly reversed by F. vulgare dose-dependently.
As Animals received 200 mg/kg body weight of the extract took ten days, while groups treated with 100 and 50 mg/kg doses of the extract required eleven and twelve days, respectively, to reach the point of acquisition.
These results also reaffirmed the use of fennel as a brain enhancer product by tradition herbal medicine.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) The effect of aqueous extracts of Fennel (Foenicul umvulgare Mill) seeds on some neurotransmitters Content and histological structure changing of cerebellar cortexin the brain of male albino rats by A. E. Bawazirand, L. E. Bokhary(Journal of American Science)
(2) Foeniculum vulgare Mill (Umbelliferae) Attenuates Stress and Improves Memory in Wister Rats by S Koppula, H Kumar(Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research)
(5) Foeniculum vulgare Mill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology by Shamkant B. Badgujar,* Vainav V. Patel, and Atmaram H. Bandivdekar(PubMed)