Beet or beetroot may be considered a functional food for normalizing your levels of fasting glucose with no side effects, some scientists found.
Diabetes is a medical condition characterized by insufficient insulin (insulin resistance) entering the bloodstream to regulate glucose.
The disease is either caused by cells in pancreas dying off or receptor sites clogged up by fat and cholesterol.
In some cases, diabetes is also caused by allergic reactions of cells in the immune system.
Genetic preposition such as (TCF7L2) gene, unhealthy diet, and lifestyle are some of the major prevalent risk factors that can facilitate the early onset of the disease.
Dr. Mariana Murea, the lead author in the study wrote, "There is a complementary role for behavioral and environmental factors modulating the genetic susceptibility and diabetes risk" and 'The offspring of a parent with T2D face a 40% lifetime risk of developing T2D, increasing to 70% when both parents have T2D".
In the diet and lifestyle aspects, Dr. Waqas Sami, the lead author in the joint study led by the Universiti Malaysia Pahang said, "The etiology of T2DM is complex and is associated with irreversible risk factors such as age, genetics, race, and ethnicity and reversible factors such as diet, physical activity, and smoking" and "Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for rapidly rising incidence of DM among developing countries".
Beet is best known as the beetroot or garden beet and belong to the amaranth family. It is a perennial plant with leafy stems growing to 1–2 m tall.
Besides the major chemical constituents betalains and phenolics, the vegetable also contains a lesser amount of isobetanin, probetanin, neobetanin, indicaxanthin, vulgaxanthins, etc.
In the concerns of high-fat or high-carbohydrate meals induced endothelial dysfunction in the facilitation of the onset of abnormally high blood glucose in healthy individuals and patients with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes, researchers launched a study to examine the endothelial function before and after injection of beetroot juice.
* After consumption of beetroot juice, the postprandial impairment in FMD following a standardized mixed meal was improved (P = 0.030) compared with the control drink.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Improvement of Postprandial Endothelial Function After a Single Dose of Exenatide in Individuals With Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Recent-Onset Type 2 Diabete, by Juraj Koska, MD, Eric A. Schwartz, PHD, Michael P. Mullin, BS, Dawn C. Schwenke, PHD and, Peter D. Reaven, MD(Canadian Diabetes Association)
(2) Beetroot juice improves in overweight and slightly obese men postprandial endothelial function after consumption of a mixed meal by Joris PJ, Mensink RP. (PubMed)
(3) Genetic and environmental factors associated with type 2 diabetes and diabetic vascular complications by Mariana Murea, Lijun Ma, and Barry I. Freedman. (PMC)