Tuesday, 26 March 2019

Honey, the Potential Anti Obesity Functional Food

By Kyle J. Norton

Obesity is a chronic condition characterized by extreme overweight. In other words, obesity is the condition of excess body fat accumulated that cause a negative effect on obese health.

In the US, obesity is an epidemic, as over 68% of the general population are either overweight or obese, leading a medical and economic burden to the country with substantial risen of health care cost and absentees.

Epidemiological studies strongly suggested that obese people have been found to complicate serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

According to the BMI calculation, if you have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more, you are obese. However, the index sometimes can be misleading due to its limitation in distinguishing between excess fat, muscle, or bone mass.

The cause of obesity is calories dependent. Eating more calories than your body can burn over a long period of time can lead to obesity.

However, some researcher suggested having a sedentary or inactive lifestyle not sleeping enough, poor diet with a higher amount of saturated band trans fat, red meat, processed foods and fewer amount of fruits and vegetables and aging are a number of potential risk factors that cause the onset of obesity.

In other words, if you follow the Western diet with lack of exercise, your risk of obesity is many time higher than people who follow the traditional diet with moderate exercise.

Dr. wrote, "In the past two decades, the relation between dietary patterns and overweight/obesity has been a research focus and a number of results were reported in the research field".

And, "A prudent/healthy dietary pattern and limit intake of the Western/unhealthy dietary pattern should be followed, which helps to keep a healthy body mass".

Honey, the rich golden liquid is the miraculous product made by bees using nectar from flowers.

The liquid is considered one of the healthy food for replacing the use of white sugar and artificial sweetener by many people.

In the urgency to find a natural whole food for the treatment of obesity, researchers examined the potential of honey consumption in controlling weight gain, including Gelam and Acacia honey from Malaysia.

According to the results from the experiment of Male Sprague-Dawley rats induced obesity by a high-fat diet (HFD) prior to introduction with/without honey or orlistat for four weeks, Gelam honey significantly reduce excess weight gain and adiposity index compared to high-fat diet group.

Additionally, the hallmarks of obese levels of plasma glucose, triglycerides, and cholesterol, plasma leptin and resistin, liver enzymes, renal function test, and relative organ weight caused by injection of a high-fat diet were reduced significantly by Gelam and Acacia honey.

Although orlistat exerted a similar effect comparable to those of honey, it induced hepatotoxicity.

Dr. Samat S, the lead scientist said, "consumption of honey can be used to control obesity by regulating lipid metabolism and appears to be more effective than orlistat".

Furthermore, according to the investigation of the antiobesity benefits in stingless bee honey (SBH) from H. itama in 48 male Sprague Dawley (SD) induced obesity by a high-fat diet, 3 dosages of SBH showed a higher reduction in body mass index (BMI), percentage of body weight gain, adiposity index, and relative organ weight (ROW) compared to typical obesity treatment methods.

Moreover, the levels of liver enzymes (ALT, AST, and ALP), triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol were significantly lower and the level of HDL-cholesterol was significantly higher in SBH-treated groups compared to the control obese group.

In the morphological structure perspective, SBH also decreased the number of adipocyte cells and protected the hepatocytes in the liver against rupturing.

Based on the findings, researchers said, "...the administration of SBH led to an improvement in indicators associated with obesity reduction. SBH also possesses a hepatoprotective potential which can reduce the health risks related to obesity".

Taken altogether, honey, particularly stingless bee honey (SBH) and Gelam and Acacia honey may be considered functional remedies for the treatment of obesity and prevention of obese health complications with no side effects, pending to the confirmation of large sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Four-Week Consumption of Malaysian Honey Reduces Excess Weight Gain and Improves Obesity-Related Parameters in High Fat Diet Induced Obese Rats by Samat S1, Kanyan Enchang F1, Nor Hussein F2, Wan Ismail W. (PubMed)
(2) Supplementation of Stingless Bee Honey from Heterotrigona itama Improves Antiobesity Parameters in High-Fat Diet Induced Obese Rat Model by Mohd Rafie AZ1, Syahir A2, Wan Ahmad WAN3, Mustafa MZ4, Mariatulqabtiah AR. (PubMed)
(3) Dietary Patterns and Overweight/Obesity: A Review Article by Min MU, Li-Fa XU,* Dong HU, Jing WU, and Ming-Jie BAI. (PMC)

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