Friday, 6 December 2013

Fibrocystic breast disease - Easing the symptoms and Diagnosis

Fibrocystic breast disease
Fibrocystic breast disease also known as fibrocystic breast condition is defined as a condition in which cysts, and noncancerous lump found in the breast tissue as result of hormonal change from the menstrual cycle. Fibrocystic breast diseases sometime cause pain and discomfort which affects approximately 30-60% of women.
B. Easing the symptoms
1. Try a low-fat diet
Since diet high in saturated and trans fat is the cause of Fibrocystic breast disease, reducing intake is certain helpful to ease the symptoms.

2. Reduce intake of caffeine
If intake of caffeine is the cause, reducing intake can ease some the symptoms as well.

3. Evening Primrose Oil
Taking evening primrose oil may help alleviate symptoms. In double-blind, researchers found that evening primrose oil has slightly reduced symptoms and normalizes blood levels of fatty acids in women with FBD.

4. Agnus castus
In double-blind study, researchers found that reduce breast tenderness at menses because of its ability to reduce elevated levels of the hormone, prolactin.

5. Iodine
In animal study, researchers found that Fibrocystic breast disease is associated with iodine deficiency.

6. Vitamin B6
In some studies, researchers found that B6 supplementation reduces symptoms of Fibrocystic breast disease.

7. Vitamin E
In some studies, researchers found that vitamin E reduces symptoms of FBS.

8. Reduce intake of alcohol
Alcohol can interfere the liver function in production of estrogen, leading to the elevation of Fibrocystic breast disease.

9. Salty Foods
Intake of salty foods can interferes the lymphatic system in water distribution, leading to water retention and tenderness.

10. Etc.

Diagnosis and tests
1. Mammography
If you have any symptoms is mentioned above, the first test which your doctor order is a mammogram to screen and detect any breast tissue abnormally and any sign of tumor. mammograms can detect between 85 to 90 percent of all abnormalities, including breast cancer, cysts, fibroadenomas, tumors, etc. even before you can feel a lump.

2. Biopsy
In a breast biopsy, a very small tissue sample is extracted and examined under a microscope for the presence of cancer cells by using a medical instrument (fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), Core needle biopsy (CNB) and Stereotactic biopsy) or cutting out by a surgical procedure.

3. Aspiration of the breast
Needle aspiration involves inserting a needle into the middle of the lump to see whether it's a mass of tissue or a fluid-filled cyst. If the lump does not yield fluid when aspired, it may still be a cyst or other benign growth, such as intraductal papilloma (warty growth), fat necrosis (a fatty lump), duct ectasia (a clogged mammary duct) or sclerosing adenosis (a calcium deposit).

4. Ultrasound
Ultrasound will determine if it is a simple cyst. If the cyst is not normal in appearance, does not disappear with aspiration or recurs after repeated aspiration, the doctor may do a biopsy to check for possible cancer. A biopsy involves removing all or part of the lump and examining it for cancer. There are needle biopsies (removing cells), incisional biopsies (surgical removal of only part of the lump) and excisional biopsies (removing all of the lump).
may be difficult to interpret due to dense tissue. A biopsy of the breast may be necessary to rule out other disorders. Aspiration of the breast with a fine needle can often diagnose and treat larger cysts.

5. Etc.
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