Monday, 16 December 2013

Sexual Transmitting Diseases (STD) and Pregnancy - The Types

Sexual Transmitting Disease (STD), also known as sexually transmitted infection is an illness which can only transmit through sexual intercourse as a result from the infectious partner or IV drug needles after its use by an infected person, through childbirth or breastfeeding, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex.

Types of Sexual Transmitting Diseases (STD)
There are at least 25 different STD have need identified, including
1. Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is a type of sexually transmitted disease affected both men and women. Features of genital herpes as a result of the affects of herpes simplex virus (HSV). It can be transmit through a small opening of the skin and mucous membranes during sexual activity. Symptoms of the disease includes pain, itching, discomfort and sores in your affected area. The biggest concern with disease during pregnancy is that you might transmit it to your baby during child birth, athough the rate of transmitting is very low but it can happen.

It is an disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which can severe damaging the immune system that can lead to infection and inflammation as a result of weakened immune system in fighting against foreign invasion. Symptoms include acute infection, fever, swollen lymph nodes,etc. Your baby may be infected by the virus as a result of sharing blood supply with you or you can transmit the disease during childbirth.

3. Genital warts
Genital wart has a cauliflower-like appearance and is one of most common sexual transmitting disease caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) with symptoms of itching or discomfort in your genital area , bleeding with intercourse, etc. The main concern is that it can make the vagina less elastic and cause obstruction during delivery, if the wart is in the vagina.

4. Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, C, a serious liver infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B, C virus (HBV). The infectious person can be a carrier as the virus is not active but sometime it can becomes chronic, leading to liver failure, liver cancer, or cirrhosis. Symptoms of hepatitis B, C include fatigue, loss of appetite,nausea, jaundice. etc. The disease can be transmitted to your baby. In severe case, Hepatitis B, C can threaten the live of your baby.

5. Chlamydia
It is one of common form of bacteria transmitting disease, according to the center for the diseases and control statistics, In 2009, 1,244,180 chlamydial infections were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia. The disease can pass to your baby during childbirth. Symptoms of Chlamydia include abdominal pain, low back pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, etc..

6. Syphilis
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete bacteria Treponema pallidum. The disease is developed into your stages with no symptom in the first stage, rash in the palm, soles of the feet,, etc. in the second stage. In the latent (hidden) stage of syphilis, no symptoms, the disease is hidden but it can be transmitted through sexual activity. In the final stage, is also known as Tertiary Syphilis, the infectious person may experience symptoms of Heart, Eyes, Brain , Nervous system, etc. damages. According to the statistics, more than 6000 cases of syphilis are reported in the United States alone each year. It is a concern that you may transmit the disease to your baby during child birth.

7. Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is a type of sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae and most likely to affect the urethra, rectum or throat and the cervix. Symptoms of Gonnorrhea include Increased vaginal discharge painful urination, vaginal bleeding after vaginal intercourse, abdominal and pelvic cramps and pain, etc. It is a concern that you may transmit the disease to your baby during child birth and result of blindness, joint infection, or a life-threatening blood infection in the baby.

8. Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is the most common, curable sexually transmitted diseases. Symptoms of trichomoniasis include smelly vaginal discharge, genital itching, painful urination, etc. (With no symptoms in infectious men). Women with Trichomoniasis are a at higher risk of preterm birth, preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM),having a low-birth-weight baby, etc.

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