Saturday, 7 December 2013

Fibroadenomas - Diagnosis and tests

Fibroadenomas are benign breast tumors composed of fibrous and glandular tissue which occur mostly in women 30 years old or younger. According to statistic, approximately 500,000-700,000 fibroadenomas are removed each year in US alone. The benign breast tumors are also called breast mice or a breast mouse due to their high mobility in the breast. They are general painless and may become tenderness or swelling just before the menstrual cycle. women with multiple fibroadenomas may indicate a slightly increased risk of breast cancer.
Diagnosis and testsAfter taking the family record and a careful physical examination, to look for any abnormal lumps in the breast, tests which your doctor may order include
1. Breast ultrasound
Ultrasound allows your doctor to visualize and assess the size of the fibroadenomas in your breasts and to check for any abnormality and surrounding area of the breasts with image taken from the test.
It may be difficult to interpret due to dense tissue. A biopsy of the breast may be necessary to rule out other disorders. Aspiration of the breast with a fine needle can often diagnose and treat Fibroadenomas.

2. Mammogram
Mammogram is a diagnostic and a screening tool with the use of low-energy-X-rays to examine the women breast tissue with the aim to detect any breast tissue abnormally and any sign of tumor. mammograms can detect between 85 to 90 percent of all abnormalities, including breast cancer, cysts, fibroadenomas, tumors, etc. even before you can feel a lump.

3. Breast biopsy
In breast biopsy, samples of affected abnormal area are taken by a thin, tube-like instrument to examine under microscopy to review the abnormalities.
4. Etc.

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