Sunday, 1 December 2013

Angina pectoris - The Diagnosis

Angina pectoris, also known as Angina, a symptoms of  Ischemic heart disease, is defined as a condition of chest pain caused by poor blood flow through the blood vessels due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries resulting of lack of blood that lead to lack of oxygen supply and waste removal.

Chest pain is not always as a indication of angina. Certain medication and medical conditions can cause chest pain, including Pleuritis ( Inflammation of the lining of the lungs), long term smoking cause depletion of lung function, Pericarditis: Pericarditis (inflammation of the lining around the heart), Shingles (Nerve irritation), etc. If you are exoerience chest pain or discomfort, several tests can help to determine the causes
1. Blood test
Blood test may be to rule out other conditions causes of angina or to check for levels of  fats,
C-reactive protein (CRP), high levels of CRP may be a sign of CVD,
2. Chest X ray
the aim of the test is to show the structure of the chest to rule out other causes of angina, as it can reveal the sign of heart failure and lung disorder cause of chest pain, etc.
3. Electrocardiogram (ECG) 
Electrocardiogram or electrocardiography (ECG) is the test to diagnose the heart conditions by measuring the electrical activity of the heart and highly recommendation for patients showing symptoms of severe chest pain. An abnormal patterns on the EKG may be an indication of Ischemia. In some cases, exercise testing, an exercise ECG test or 'stress test' as ECG recording is taken while you are exercising  to induce the symptoms of chest pain in finding the causes.
4. Stress test 
 An exercise stress test such as walk or run on a treadmill or pedal a stationary bike is a screening tool used to test how your heart function under exercise stress. Medications can be necessary to simulate the stress on the heart normally brought on by exercise, if patient can not undergo exercise as a result of certain condition
5. Coronary angiography
Coronary angiography is an imaging test that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to see inside the arteries and how blood flows through your heart with the a mild sedative to help you relax. 
6.  Heart CT scan
Heart CT scan  is a computed tomography (CT) scan of the heart with the use of uses x-rays to create detailed pictures of the heart and its blood vessels. 
7.  Computed Tomography angiography 
A noninvasive way 3D technique with  a contrast material to produce pictures of major blood vessels throughout the body with the use of x-rays with catheters, or computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
8. Etc. 

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