Friday, 2 May 2014

Button mushroom and Anti-inflammatory activities

Mushroom is a standard name of white button mushroom, the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus produced above ground on soil or on its food source, It is a genus A. Muscaria and belong to the family Amanitaceae and has been cultivation in many cultures all over the world for foods and health benefits.
1. Carbohydrates
2. Protein
3. Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
4. Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
5. Niacin (Vitamin B3)
6. Pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5)
7. Calcium
8. Phosphorus
9. Potassium
10. Sodium
11. Selenium
12. Iron
13. Copper
14. Zinc
15. Etc.

Chemical constituents
Astraodorol, Psilocybin, Lectin, adustin, ribonuclease, nicotine, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-6-methylbenzoic acid, orsellinic acid, melleolide, ergosterol, genistein, daidzein, daucosterol, genistin, uracil and D-mannitol(a).
Chronic inflammatory processes contribute to the pathogenesis of many age-related diseases. Button mushroom showed to retain anti-inflammatory activities even after 'cooking', allowing its active compounds to reach therapeutic levels in target tissues, through inhibited NO production, according to selection of 115 samples prepared by a generic food-compatible processing method involving heating by University of Western Sydney(1). Ethanolic extract of white button mushroom, also showed a significantly enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes in serums, livers and hearts of administration of mice, in vitro and vivo(2).

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(a) [Chemical constituents from fungus Armillaria mellea]. by [Article in Chinese] by Yuan XL1, Yan LH, Zhang QW, Wang ZM.(PubMed)

(1) Determination of anti-inflammatory activities of standardised preparations of plant- and mushroom-based foods by Gunawardena D1, Shanmugam K, Low M, Bennett L, Govindaraghavan S, Head R, Ooi L, M√ľnch G.(PubMed)
(2) In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) by Liu J1, Jia L, Kan J, Jin CH.(PubMed)

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