Tuesday, 13 May 2014

Calendula anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis effects

Calendula is also known as pot marigold, a annual or perennial herbaceous plants of about 12–20 species of genus Calendula, belonging to the family Asteraceae, native to Southern Europe. It has been used in herbal medicine as spasmolytic, spasmogenic, inflammatory effects and to treat abdominal cramps, wound healing, skin diseases, colitis, constipation, etc.

Beside major chemical constituents of triterpenoids, flavonoids, coumarines, quinones, volatile oil,carotenoids and amino acids, the herb also contains loliolide (calendin), calendulin and n-paraffins.
Calendula officinalis and anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis effects
In  a two hundred and forty patients within the age group of 20-40 years having gingivitis (probing depth (PD) ≤3 mm), enrolled with a complaint of bleeding gumsin this study with their informed consent, oral administration of Calendula officinalis (C. officinalis) enhanced reducing dental plaque and gingivitis adjunctive to scaling, according to the plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), sulcus bleeding index (SBI), and oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S) in the the third month of second visit(1). Other in testing of desquamative gingivitis (DG) treated with a handling gel containing clobetasol, nystatin, Calendula officinalis L and pectin in custom trays indicated a positive effect of the compound in induced desquamative gingivitis(2).

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(1) Evaluation of Calendula officinalis as an anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis agent by Khairnar MS, Pawar B, Marawar PP, Mani A.(PubMed)
(2) Management of two cases of desquamative gingivitis with clobetasol and Calendula officinalis gel by Machado MA1, Contar CM, Brustolim JA, Candido L, Azevedo-Alanis LR, Gregio AM, Trevilatto PC, Soares de Lima AA.(PubMed)