Wednesday, 9 January 2019

Ginger, The Potent Anti Obesity Functional Food

By Kyle J Norton

Ginger may be considered a functional food for the prevention and treatment of obesity without inducing side effects, some scientists found.

Obesity is medical disease associated with extreme overweight. 

In other words, obesity is the accumulation of excess fat to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on patient health.

According to the Body Mass Index(BMI), a BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, and a BMI of over 30 is an indication of obesity.

According to the statistic, 68% of the American population is either overweight or obese.

What causes obesity? Some researchers suggested that too much calories consumption and lack of physical exercise are the 2  main causes of obesity in once healthy individuals.

Some scientists indicated, there is no coincidence but a close correlation between the onset of obesity in a large percentage of American and the promotion of the Western diet in the past few decades.

Dr. Bortolin RC, the lead researcher in the obese team in the joint study led by the Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde-Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS in the examine the new animal diet based on human Western diet said, "Obesity is a metabolic disorder that predisposes patients to numerous diseases and has become a major global public health concern". 

And,  " diet, and not the obese state, was the major driving force behind gut microbiota changes. Moreover, the marked dysbiosis observed in CAF-fed rats might have resulted from the presence of several additives present in the CAF diet, or even a lack of essential vitamins and minerals".

These results strongly suggested that the Western diet alters the gut microbiota composition (dysbiosis) probably due to substances found in the Western diet foods, that are not found  in other diets, compared to the group treated with HFD developed the greatest dysbiosis independent of obesity

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) or ginger root, the second superfood used for thousands of years by mankind, is the genus Zingiber, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, native to Tamil.

The root has been used in traditional and Chinese medicine to treat dyspepsia, gastroparesis, constipation, edema, difficult urination, colic, etc.

On finding natural ingredients or whole food for the treatment of obesity researchers examine the traditional use of ginger in an animal model.

Application of ginger in vivo and vitro demonstrated a potential anti-obesity effect in regulating the PPARγ signaling pathway in adipocytes in the initiation of obesity,

Diet-induced obesity was attenuated in C57BL/6J mice treated with dietary ginger extract (GE)also exhibited the increase of energy expenditure.

GE also exerted an anti-obesity effect through promoting the increased the number of Types I muscle fibers, running endurance capacity and upregulated PPARδ-targeted gene expression in skeletal muscle 
Furthermore, the cellular respiration assay also revealed that pretreating cultured skeletal muscle myotubes with GE increased palmitate-induced oxygen consumption rate, which suggested an increase in cellular fatty acid catabolism, another anti-obesity activity.

After taking into account co and confounders, researchers said, "6-Shogaol and 6-gingerol (the ginger bioactive constituents)may be responsible for the regulatory effects of dietary ginger on PPARδ signaling".

Moreover, additional investigation of ginger exerts protective on obesity and its complications, researchers at the showed that gingerenone A, a bioactive compound isolated from ginger had the most potent inhibitory effect on adipogenesis and lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells among ginger components at a single concentration (40 μM).

In vitro data, GA attenuates diet-induced obesity (DIO) by reducing fat mass in mice, accompanied by a modulation of fatty acid metabolism via activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in stimulating weight loss, in vitro and in vivo.

Dr.Suk S the lead authors said at the final report, " GA may be used as a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of obesity and its complications by suppressing adipose expansion and inflammation".

Taken altogether, ginger processed abundant bioactive compounds may be considered a functional food in stimulating weight loss in the obese subjects.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Beneficial effects of ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe on obesity and metabolic syndrome: a review by Wang J1,2, Ke W1, Bao R1, Hu X1,2, Chen F. (PubMed)
(2) Ginger extract prevents high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ pathway by Misawa K1, Hashizume K2, Yamamoto M3, Minegishi Y4, Hase T5, Shimotoyodome A. (PubMed)
(3) Gingerenone A, a polyphenol present in ginger, suppresses obesity and adipose tissue inflammation in high-fat diet-fed mice by Suk S1, Kwon GT2, Lee E1, Jang WJ1, Yang H1, Kim JH3, Thimmegowda NR4, Chung MY1, Kwon JY5, Yang S1, Kim JK1,5, Park JHY2,3, Lee KW. (PubMed)
(4) A new animal diet based on human Western diet is a robust diet-induced obesity model: comparison to high-fat and cafeteria diets in term of metabolic and gut microbiota disruption by Bortolin RC1, Vargas AR1, Gasparotto J1, Chaves PR1, Schnorr CE1, Martinello KB2, Silveira AK1, Rabelo TK3, Gelain DP1, Moreira JCF. (PubMed)

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