Saturday, 23 December 2017

Food therapy: Lentils Intake in Weight Loss and Complications and Treatment of Obesity

By Kyle J. Norton

In take of lentils' pulses daily and regularly may have a substantial and profound effect in reduced risk and treatment of obesity, some scientists postulated.

Lentil, a type of pulse and tiny legumes that can be cooked quickly and rich in protein and fiber, is a bushy annual plant of genus Lens of the Fabaceae family, native to Middle East.

Obesity is a medical condition of excess body fat accumulated overtime. According to the Body Mass Index(BMI), BMI of over 30 is an indication of obesity. According to the statistic, 68% of American population are either overweight or obese.

The investigation of lentils' pulses in risk of obesity has been found to associate to several mechanisms involving numbers of aspects.

In the review of  medical literature published online of databases MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library through 11 May 2015 for randomized controlled trials of ≥3 wk of duration, met the criteria and guideline, researchers indicated that out of 21 trial including 940 participants selected, intake of pulse has a significant effect in reduced mean of weight loss of .34 kg during 6 weeks of application in compared to control diet without adding dietary pulse.

Further analysis, also suggested that the weight reduction was also correlated to the effect of dietary pulse implication in decreased energy intake as well as exhibited progression in weigh maintenance in tested subjects.

Particularly,  the percentage fat concentration of pulse injection attendees also wss found to reduce substantially in compared to control with no restriction to calories intake.

Additional comparison of the effect of dietary pulses (beans, peas, chickpeas, lentils) on acute satiety and second meal intake with isocaloric diets, in a systematic review and meta-analysis from data extracted from MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Registry (through May 6, 2013) conducted by the University of Toronto, showed that dietary pulses produce a 31% greater satiety incremental area under the curve (IAUC), according to ratio of means (RoMs) without affecting second meal intake in compared to a moderate-carbohydrate, moderate-fat diet.

The greater satiety in pulse intake may form a base in improved dietary habit in the United States to include more consumption of dry beans, peas and lentils, rich sources of nutrients and phytochemicals.

The US Department of Agriculture's (New) recently recommended that MyPyramid guidelines should have a doubling dietary intake for vegetables, particularly, in subgroups of vegetables, including dry beans, peas and lentils.

Further differentiation of the pulse intake in obese subjected also indicated that adding a portion of lentils into daily diet may have a potential effect in reduced  the incidence of obesity and diabetes through phenolic-rich lentils inversely associate to increased blood glucose and lipid accumulation.

And intake of pulse frequently also may lend a sustainable effect in reduced food intake and waist conference and induced weight loss through the expression of antinutrients and energy regulation activities.

More importantly, with low GI range from ∼29 to 48 (using glucose as the standard), pulse carbohydrates are slowly digested due to the presence of several constituents, including carbohydrate composition, protein content and protein-starch matrix, and antinutrient factors such as enzyme inhibitors in compared to other healthy food with GI of 32–36 for dairy, 39–64 for fruit, 42–72 for grains, 49–80 for breakfast cereals, and 49–97 for root vegetables.

According some studies, examining the potential associations between pulse consumption and weight status consistently show that individuals with lower BMI consume a greater amount of pulses as part of their usual diet and pulse diet expressed an inverse association of the dietary pattern incorporating pulses with BMI or BMI increase over time.

Taking altogether, there is no doubt that intake of lentils daily and regularly have a potential and therapeutic effect in reduced risk and treatment of obesity, particularly in decreased risk of obese incidences of complication.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Effects of dietary pulse consumption on body weight: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials by Kim SJ1, de Souza RJ2, Choo VL1, Ha V3, Cozma AI4, Chiavaroli L1, Mirrahimi A5, Blanco Mejia S1, Di Buono M6, Bernstein AM7, Leiter LA8, Kris-Etherton PM9, Vuksan V8, Beyene J10, Kendall CW11, Jenkins DJ8, Sievenpiper JL12.(PubMed)
(2) Dietary pulses, satiety and food intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis of acute feeding trials by Li SS1, Kendall CW, de Souza RJ, Jayalath VH, Cozma AI, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Chiavaroli L, Augustin LS, Blanco Mejia S, Leiter LA, Beyene J, Jenkins DJ, Sievenpiper JL.(PubMed)
(3) Polyphenol-Rich Lentils and Their Health Promoting Effects by Kumar Ganesan ID and Baojun Xu (Internation Journal of molecule science)

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