Fennel may have a potential and positive effect in reduced cough through its expectorant activity, some scientists suggested.
The results of the study were conducted by numbers of institutes, including the Kaunas University of Medicine and published on online of several literature.
Cough is a natural and infrequent reaction of body to clear the throat caused by excessive mucus or foreign irritants.The aim of these function are to make the airway free for air inhaling and expelling.
Expectorant is a medicine with function to promote the secretion of sputum of the air passages for treatment of coughs.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species of genus, belongings to Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), native to the Mediterranean.
The herb or food has been used in traditional and herbal medicine as warming, carminative, antispasmodic, antidepressant agent and to stimulate the appetite, ease indigestion, soothe coughing, reduce intestinal spasms, to regulate the menstrual cycle and relieve PMS,...
In the comparison of the effect of some herbal agents in velocity of mucus secretion isolated from ciliated epithelium of the frog oesophagus, researchers found that application fo fructus foeniculi (fennel) exerts a stronger effect than fructus anisi (anise). Herba plantaginis (plantain), flores verbasci (torch weed), and radix liquiritiae (liquorice) but lessers than application of Folia farfarae (coltsfoot).
The first formulation consists of liquorice roots, sweet fennel and thyme, and the second one consists of pine gemmae, thyme and elder flowers.
FEV1: Volume that has been exhaled at the end of the first second of forced expiration
VC: Vital capacity: the volume of air breathed out after the deepest inhalation
RV/TLC%: Residual volume expressed as percent of TLC
FEFmax: The maximum instantaneous flow achieved during a FVC maneuver
VL: Actual volume of the lung including the volume of the conducting airway
FRC: Functional residual capacity: the volume in the lungs at the end-expiratory position
TLC: Total lung capacity: the volume in the lungs at maximal inflation, the sum of VC and RV
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Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) [Effect of various phytotherapeutic expectorants on mucociliary transport].[Article in German] by Müller-Limmroth W, Fröhlich HH.(PubMed)
(2) The effect of a herbal water-extract on histamine release from mast cells and on allergic asthma by Haggag EG1, Abou-Moustafa MA, Boucher W, Theoharides TC.(PubMed)
(3) [Use of herbal medicine in German children - prevalence, indications and motivation].[Article in German]by Hümer M1, Scheller G, Kapellen T, Gebauer C, Schmidt H, Kiess W.(PubMed)
(4) FEV1/FVC ratio(Wikipedia)
(5) Evaluation and treatment of chronic cough by Terasaki G 1 , Paauw DS(PubMed)