Friday, 16 February 2018

Herbal Therapy: Green Tea in Ameliorated Onset, Progression and Treatment of Juvenile Arthritis

Kyle J. Norton 

Green tea may have a therapeutic and positive effect in reduced prevalence, progression and treatment of juvenile arthritis, some scientists suggested.

Green tea, a precious drink processes numbers of health benefit known to almost everyone in Asia and Western world.

Juvenile arthritis is an inflammatory disease affecting the synovium in children aged 16 or younger.

According to the statistic, the most common form of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), affects over 50,000 children in the United States alone.

In the investigation of the effect of green tea extract on the oxidative state of the liver and brain of adjuvant-induced arthritic rats, a model for human rheumatoid arthritis with daily doses of 250 mg kg(-1) (59.8 mg catechins per kg) for 23 days, researchers at the State University of Maringá, found that treatment group expessed a significant activity in reduced the protein and lipid damage in liver, brain and plasma, caused by ROS expression in induction of oxidation which have been found to associated to the progression of arthritis.

Injection of green tea extract also enhanced the over expression of antioxidant defenses, found in low levels in patients with arthritis through restoration of the glutathione (GSH) with important function in preventing damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species and protein thiol levels in reduced cellular oxidation through chelative and detoxified activities and improved the natural antioxidant enzymes, produced by the body.

Further more, green tea extract also inhibited the levels of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, which is increased  in the liver, one of major risk factor for the development of arthritis.

These results suggested that application of green tea exerted a significantly profound effect in the liver and brain of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis through reduced over expression of oxidative stress in precipitated injury to lipids and proteins.

Some researchers suggested that by modifying the metabolic function in lipid and protein, green tea extract exhibited a strong protective effect in reduced the symptoms and progression of arthritis.

According to the study of University of Health System of green tea effect in patient with rheumatoid
arthritis, injection of green tea extract demonstrated a therapeutic effect in patients synovial fibroblast
of the lining of the tissue which surround the capsule of the joint by inhibited the production of IL-1B, a prototypic proinflammatory cytokines in response to acute and chronic inflammation. Over expression of IL-1B is associated in contribution of joint damage.

Interestingly, in the study of adolescent male Wistar rats 12-week exposure to Cd and Pb (7mg Cd and 50mg Pb in 1kg of the diet randomly assigned to 12 to each group, as positive control received without Cd, Pb and teas, a negative control group received Cd and Pb, and groups supplemented additionally with green (GT), black (BT), red (RT), and white tea (WT), researchers indicated that application of tea significant inhibits the decreased levels of the geometric(shape) and densitometric(density) parameters and total thickness of articular cartilage caused by Cd and Pb in compared to the negative control group.

Tea injection group also displayed a huge improvement in mechanical endurance, growth plate thickness, and trabecular histomorphometry depending on the tea type.

Due to limitation of the study, Dr. Tomaszewska E, the lead researcher said, " It is difficult to indicate which tea has the best protective effects on bone and hyaline cartilage against heavy metal action".

More importantly, in the examine some major factors in contributed to the juvenile arthritis, green tea rich in catechins (Healthya green tea) in animal study restored these biomarkers of cytokine genes (IL-1A, IL-2, IFN-alpha, FGF-alpha, TNF-alpha) to near normal levels, thus preventing or attenuating the development of a certain type of inflammatory arthritis.

Taken together, green tea and its bioactive polyphenols may be considered as a functional food for reduced early onset, progression and combined with standard therapy for treatment of juvenile and adult arthritis. However, intake of green tea supplement should be taken with exceptional care as acute liver toxicity has been reported in numbers of medical literature.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrients, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Green tea extract improves the oxidative state of the liver and brain in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis by de Almeida Gonçalves G1, de Sá-Nakanishi AB, Wendt MM, Comar JF, Bersani Amado CA, Bracht A, Peralta RM.(PubMed)
(2) (Alteration in bone geometric and mechanical properties, histomorphometrical parameters of trabecular bone, articular cartilage, and growth plate in adolescent rats after chronic co-exposure to cadmium and lead in the case of supplementation with green, black, red and white tea by Tomaszewska E1, Dobrowolski P2, Winiarska-Mieczan A3, Kwiecień M3, Tomczyk A4, Muszyński S5, Radzki R4.(PubMed)
(3) Green tea with a high catechin content suppresses inflammatory cytokine expression in the galactosamine-injured rat liver by Abe K1, Ijiri M, Suzuki T, Taguchi K, Koyama Y, Isemura M.(PubMed)

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