Monday, 2 June 2014

Herbal Chamomile and Neuroprotective effect

Chamomile is also known as camomile, common name of many species daisy-like plants in the family Asteraceae. The herb has been used in traditional medicine as antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory constituents and to treat menstrual cramps and sleep disorders, reduce cramping and spastic pain in the bowels, relieve excessive gas and bloating in the intestine, etc.

Guaianolides matricarin and achillin, acetoxyachillin and leucodin (= desacetoxymatricarin), corresponding C-11 stereoisomers(a),(Z)-2-β-d-glucopyranosyloxy-4-methoxycinnamic acid (cis-GMCA), chlorogenic acid, (E)-2-β-d-glucopyranosyloxy-4-methoxycinnamic acid (trans-GMCA), quercetagetin-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-d-glucoside, apigenin-7-O-β-d-glucoside, chamaemeloside, apigenin 7-O-(6″-O-acetyl-β-d-glucopyranoside), apigenin] and one polyacetylene (tonghaosu)(b).
Chamomile and Neuroprotective effect
The evaluation of the neuroprotective effect of German chamomile against aluminium fluoride (AlF₄⁻)-induced oxidative stress in rats. showed a neuroprotective effect of herbal chamomile, through significantly decreased in lipid peroxidation (LPO) and increased in the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and total thiol levels in extract-treated animals(1). The Hanagal Shri Kumareshawr College of Pharmacy study, in support of the above, showed the same effectiveness of the herb also through  same mechanisms in extract treated groups but this time in global model of ischemia in rats(2)

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(1) Neuroprotective activity of Matricaria recutita against fluoride-induced stress in rats by Ranpariya VL1, Parmar SK, Sheth NR, Chandrashekhar VM.(PubMed)
(2) Neuroprotective activity of Matricaria recutita Linn against global model of ischemia in rats vy Chandrashekhar VM1, Ranpariya VL, Ganapaty S, Parashar A, Muchandi AA(PubMed)


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