Saturday, 28 June 2014

Food Therapy - Banana's antihyperlipidemic effects

Kyle J. Norton
Banana Banana is the common name of a genus of tropical herbaceous plants. It can grow from 3 to 9 m and belongs to the family of the lily and the orchid.


1. Vitamin B6
2. Vitamin C
3. Fiber
4. Potassium
5. Magnesium
6. Iron7. Etc.

Chemical constituents
1. Sterols
2. 3-Methyl butyl butanoate ester
3. steryl esters
4. Diacylglycerols,
5. SAteryl glucosides,
6. Long chain fatty alcohols
7. Aromatic compounds
8. Linoleic acid
9. Linolenic acid
10. Oleic acids
11. Lectin
12. Fructooligosaccharides

Cholesterol is needed for our body to build cell walls, make hormones and vitamin D, and create bile salts that help you digest fat. However too much of it can be dangerous because cholesterol cannot dissolve in your blood. The special particle called lipoprotein moves this waxy, soft substance from place to place. If you have too much low density lipoprotein LDL that is known as bad cholesterol, overtime cholesterol can build up in your arterial walls causing blockage and leading to heart attack and stroke.
The pulp of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L. var. Cavendishii), including soluble and insoluble components of dietary fiber showed to exhibit anti hypocholesterolaemic effect with no affect the concentration of serum cholesterol(1). In support of the above, the University of Auckland study showed that resistant starch in Micronesian banana cultivars showed to have beneficial effects in disease prevention including modulation of glycaemic index diabetes, cholesterol lowering capability and weight management(2). Ethanol extract of mature green fruits of Musa AAA (Chenkadali) (bananas and plantains), according to Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy contained antioxidant and hypolipidaemic properties may be used for treating diabetes mellitus(3).

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(1) Hypocholesterolaemic effect of banana (Musa sapientum L. var. Cavendishii) pulp in the rat fed on a cholesterol-containing diet by Horigome T1, Sakaguchi E, Kishimoto C.(PubMed)
(2) Resistant starch in Micronesian banana cultivars offers health benefits by Thakorlal J1, Perera CO, Smith B, Englberger L, Lorens A.(PubMed)
(3) Hypolipidaemic and antioxidant effects of fruits of Musa AAA (Chenkadali) in alloxan induced diabetic rats by Kaimal S1, Sujatha KS, George S.(PubMed)

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