Saturday, 21 June 2014

Foods therapy - Banana and Diabetes

Kyle J. Norton
Banana Banana is the common name of a genus of tropical herbaceous plants. It can grow from 3 to 9 m and belongs to the family of the lily and the orchid.


1. Vitamin B6
2. Vitamin C
3. Fiber
4. Potassium
5. Magnesium
6. Iron7. Etc.

Chemical constituents
1. Sterols
2. 3-Methyl butyl butanoate ester
3. steryl esters
4. Diacylglycerols,
5. SAteryl glucosides,
6. Long chain fatty alcohols
7. Aromatic compounds
8. Linoleic acid
9. Linolenic acid
10. Oleic acids
11. Lectin
12. Fructooligosaccharides.

Diabetes is defined as a condition caused by insufficient insulin entering the bloodstream to regulate the glucose. It is either caused by cells in pancreas dying off or receptor sites clogged up by fat and cholesterol. In some cases, diabetes is also caused by allergic reactions of cells in the immune system.
According to the University College of Medical Sciences, India, Musa sapientum Linn (banana), has been used in India for the treatment of gastric ulcer, hypertension, diarrhea, dysentery, and diabetes. In rat study, the stem of lyophilized stem juice of M. sapientum Linn., showed to exhibits antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects.(1). In support of the aboce, the Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering study, suggested that ethanol extract of banana pseudostem (EE) exert an anti-diabetic effect by inhibition of α-glucosidases from the intestine, in turn suppressing the carbohydrate absorption into the bloodstream(2). According to the Central Food Technological Research Institute, banana (Musa sp. var. elakki bale) flower and pseudostem showed to induce symptoms of hyperglycemia, polyuria, polyphagia, polydipsia, urine sugar, and body weight in banana flower- and pseudostem-treated rats(3).

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(1) Antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects of the stem of Musa sapientum Linn. in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by Dikshit P1, Shukla K, Tyagi MK, Garg P, Gambhir JK, Shukla R.(PubMed)
(2) Investigation of antihyperglycaemic activity of banana (Musa sp. var. Nanjangud rasa bale) pseudostem in normal and diabetic rats by Ramu R1, Shirahatti PS, Zameer F, Nagendra Prasad MN.(PubMed).
(3) Beneficial effects of banana (Musa sp. var. elakki bale) flower and pseudostem on hyperglycemia and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by Bhaskar JJ1, Shobha MS, Sambaiah K, Salimath PV.(PubMed)

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