Yoga lessons may be used as conjunction of other standard treatment in reduced symptoms and hospitalization and improved quality of life, in patients with schizophrenia, the University of Duisburg-Essen suggested.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder induced inconsistent or contradictory elements such as breakdown of certain relation in thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings,....
Yoga, the ancient technique practice for harmonized external and internal body well beings, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement and gesture..... has been best known for people in Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.
In the review literature published online MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycInfo, and IndMED through August 2012 in comparing yoga to usual care or non-pharmacological interventions related to symptoms or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia, 5 studies met the criteria indicated that
* There were no evidence was found in compared to usual care on positive symptoms and improved social function in short term valuation
* Yoga group expressed a moderate evidence in short-term effects on quality of life compared to usual care 3. Only one study showed insignificantly adverse events.
The findings suggested that yoga intervention may have a moderated effect in reduced symptoms and other aspects of patients with schizophrenia without mentioning the effects in long term yoga participation.
Truly, yoga slow breathing and meditation induced calmness to the central nervous system in reduced production of stress hormone such as adrenaline and cortisol, and the precursor hormone DHEA in exaggerated stress responses in initiated mental health expression of anxiety and depression.
Further more, yoga application also reconnected and re-balanced the mind and body in induced a state of relaxation to the central nervous system thus ameliorating neurons in transmitting of faulty chemistry in facilitated wrongly emotional responses.
Moreover, by reconnecting the mind and the emotional response, yoga improves awareness by bringing back the presence and dealing them with the positive ways through increasing awareness of the surrounding, such as paying attention of the reality and moving away from the delusional past, thus increasing acceptance and adaptability to the new change for better recovery.
Most importantly, yoga mindfulness also promoted the sense of security of the mental illness patients, through patient's sense of well beings and satisfaction with his/her life circumstances in environment that is least restrictive, safest, homely as well as a person's health status.
Easier said than done, yoga intervention may also have a potential in restored the balance and mental connection into tackling psychosomatic problems and psychiatric disorders. However, according to some researchers, it is often difficult to motivate a mental illness person to feel comfortable in doing yoga practices, but with the patience of the caregivers in gently persuasion, as time progressed, most patients might slowly enjoy the exercise and eager to carry on.
The above differentiation were supported by the literature review to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a complementary treatment on general psychopathology, positive and negative symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) for people with schizophrenia by the University Psychiatric Centre Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
According to the results of study, although the information were limited, yoga group demonstrated an strong effect in reduced general psychopathology and positive and negative symptoms and yoga lessons improved the health-related quality of life in those antipsychotic-stabilised patients with schizophrenia and also promoted the sense of security of the mental illness patients,
And, a randomized study of changes in state anxiety, psychological stress and subjective well-being after single sessions of yoga and aerobicexercise compared with a control condition by the Catholic University Leuven.
After taking into account of other confounders, researchers found that state of anxiety significantly decreased after single sessions of yoga and aerobic exercise in individuals with schizophrenia in compared to control.
Patients participated in the single class of yoga or aerobic exercise also showed a decreased psychological stress and increased subjective well-beings without inducing statistically significant difference in both yoga and aerobic exercise groups.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Yoga for schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis by Cramer H1, Lauche R, Klose P, Langhorst J, Dobos G.(PubMed)
(2) Yoga in schizophrenia: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials by Vancampfort D1, Vansteelandt K, Scheewe T, Probst M, Knapen J, De Herdt A, De Hert M.(PubMed)
(3) State anxiety, psychological stress and positive well-being responses to yoga and aerobic exercise in people with schizophrenia: a pilot study by Vancampfort D1, De Hert M, Knapen J, Wampers M, Demunter H, Deckx S, Maurissen K, Probst M.(PubMed)