Thursday, 31 October 2013

Chinese #Herbs – Ya Dan Zi (Fructus Bruceae)

Ya Dan Zi is also known as Java Brucea Fruit. The bitter, cold and toxic herb has been used in TCM to treat malaria, warts, corns, etc., as it clears Heat; Expels toxins, stops malaria, treats dysentery, etc. by enhancing the functions of liver and large intestine channels.

1. Bruceine A,  B,  C,  D,  E,  F,  G,  H
2. Brusatol
3. Bruceoside A,  B
4. Brucamarin
5. Bruceolic acid
6. Quassin
7. Etc.

Health Benefits
1. Esophageal cancer
In the study to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and side effects of oral Fructus bruceae oil combined with radiotherapy in the treatment of esophageal cancer, showed that oral medication with oral Fructus bruceae oil could effectively improve the efficacy of radiotherapy in esophageal cancer, including a reduction in esophageal obstruction, and also reduce the side effects of radiotherapy; thus it would be very promising for clinical application(1).
2. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines
In the study of the isolation and characterization of seven quassinoids including brusatol, bruceine D, bruceine H, yadanzioside A, yadanzioside G, javanicoside C and bruceantinoside A. Among them, brusatol exhibited the most potent in vitro antipancreatic cancer action, researchers at the The Chinese University of Hong Kong, found that among them, brusatol exhibited the most potent in vitro antipancreatic cancer action, with IC(50) values of 0.36 µm and 0.10 µm on PANC-1 and SW1990 cell lines, respectively. This is the first report on the antipancreatic adenocarcinoma activity of brusatol(2).
3. Primary hepatic cancer
The observation and comparison the quality of life (QOL) and survival time in patients with advanced primary hepatic cancer (PHC) after they have been treated by the combination of ganji recipe and interventional therapy with Fructus Bruceae Oil Emulsion (FBE), showed that combination of ganji recipe and interventional therapy with FBE in treating PHC could improve patients’ QOL, raise the 0.5- and 1-year survival rate, and prolong the survival time, suggesting TCM treatment has an affirmative significance for enhancing the therapeutic efficacy and improving the prognosis in patients(3).
4. Non small lung cancer
In the study of one hundred and fifteen patients with mid-late stage NSCLC  randomly assigned to two groups, the 57 patients in the control group were only treated with chemotherapy of GP regimen, 58 in the treatment group with the chemotherapy of the same regimen and combined with FBE, the effective rate was 51.8% and 47.4% in the treatment group and the control group respectively, the difference between them was insignificant (P > 0.05). CIF and QOF in the treatment group were better than those in the control group after chemotherapy respectively (P < 0.01), in the latter, CIF and QOF were desreased after chemotherapy (P < 0.05)(4).
5. Etc.

Side Effects
1. Do not use in case of spleen deficiency
2. Do not use the herb in newborn, children or if you are pregnant or breast feeding without first consulting with the related field specialist.
3. Etc.


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