Sunday, 23 June 2019

Healthy Legume Pinto Bean, the Best to Control Hyperglycemia

By Kyle J. Norton

Hyperglycemia is a condition of abnormally high blood sugar in the bloodstream. Hyperglycemia is a condition characterized by the body which isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin.

 Hyperglycemia is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes associated with diabetic complications caused by uncontrol levels of blood glucose.  Another hallmark is insulin resistance.

In other words, poor management of blood glucose is the major cause of hyperglycemia in diabetic patients, including a poor diet, physical inactivity choices, symptoms of medicines intake.

Some patients with diabetes also experience symptoms of hyperglycemia as a result of skipping or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication.

Most common symptoms of hyperglycemia are frequent urination, increased thirst, blurred vision, persistent fatigue, and headache.

Believe it or not, untreated or long term persistently hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes has been found to induce serious symptoms such as shortness of breath, confusion, and coma.

Some researchers suggested that by the change of diet with a meal plan help, you can avoid hyperglycemia, such as eating often, watching the intake of sugar and carbohydrates, limiting the use of alcohol, and eating a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, and whole grains.

Dr. Donna B, the lead scientist wrote, "Management of diabetes and hyperglycemia has become an important quality care indicator in the hospital setting. Multiple health care organizations offer guidelines for glycemic control, including recommendations for medical nutrition therapy (MNT) and consistent-carbohydrate meal plans".

And, "... the rationale for consistent-carbohydrate meal plans and liberalizing the “diabetic diet;” and describes successful mealtime practices to improve coordination of meal delivery with blood glucose monitoring and insulin administration".

The small, white navy bean, also called pea bean or haricot, popular in both dry and green forms, is very popular in Britain and the US, native to Peru. It is now grown and consumed across the world, due to their numerous health benefits.

With an aim to find a potential ingredient for the prevention and treatment of hyperglycemia, researchers investigated the glycemic response of bean and rice traditional meals compared to rice alone in adults with type 2 diabetes.

The randomized 4 × 4 crossover trial, included 17 men and women aged 35-70 years with type 2 diabetes randomly assigned to control that received metformin (n = 14) or diet/exercise (n = 3).

The white long grain rice control, pinto beans/rice, black beans/rice, red kidney beans/rice test meals, matched for 50 grams of available carbohydrate, were consumed at breakfast after a 12 hour fast.

According to the blood sample taken, the postprandial net glucose values were significantly lower for the three bean/rice (pinto beans/rice, black beans/rice, red kidney beans/rice test meals) treatments in contrast to the rice control at 90, 120 and 150 minutes.

Furthermore, the incremental area associated with the levels of blood glucose under the curve values was significantly lower for the pinto and black bean/rice meals compared to rice alone, but not for kidney beans.

In other words, not all legumes exhibited the same anti hyperglycemia effects. However, all beans with rice attenuated the glycemic response compared to rice alone. 

The results strongly suggested by adding beans such as pinto beans into your traditional diet, hyperglycemia may be preventable.

Based on the findings, researchers wrote, "Promotion of traditional foods may provide non-pharmaceutical management of type 2 diabetes and improve dietary adherence with cultural groups".

Taken altogether, Pinto bean used a combination with rice may be considered a remedy for the prevention and treatment of hyperglycemia, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Phaseolus beans: impact on glycaemic response and chronic disease risk in human subjects by Hutchins AM1, Winham DM, Thompson SV. (PubMed)
(2) Bean and rice meals reduce postprandial glycemic response in adults with type 2 diabetes: a cross-over study by Thompson SV1, Winham DM, Hutchins AM. (PubMed)
(3) The Mealtime Challenge: Nutrition and Glycemic Control in the Hospital by Donna B. Ryan, MPH, RN, RD, CDE and  Carrie S. Swift, MS, RD, BC-ADM, CDE. (The American Diabetes Association)

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