Tuesday, 11 July 2017

Food Therapy: Celery, the Natural Whole Food Repellent

Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Whole food(herbal medicine) used as medical treatment,  linking health benefits in prevention, management and treatment of diseases has induced much interests in today renowned scientists.
But many researchers have raised question of herbal quality, because geographic differences, time of grown and harvest, etc. may effect their's potency. I do believe, these questions can only be answered by experience herbalists.

Believe or not, celery may be used as repellent against insects.
Recent study suggested that celery in different varieties have exhibited significantly repellent effects whiteflies, particular Bemisia tabaci through their phytocemicals in the class of terpene, such as D-Limonene, β-myrcene, and (E)-β-ocimene.

Depending to types of celery, some showed repellent effects relatively higher in volatilization quantities of β-myrcene than of D-limonene.

Celery is a species of Apium graveolens, belonging to the family Apiaceae, cultivated all around the globe as a vegetable. Celery can grow to 1/2 m tall with stalks (leaf on the top) arranging in a conical shape joined at a common base.

In the study of Aedes aegypti L., one of the primary disease vectors spreading various dreadful diseases, essential oil extracted from the seeds of celery showed remarkably effective repellency of the oil leading to 100% protection till 165 min as compared to control, probably due to presence of flavonoids, lactones, and terpenoids.

Dr. Kumar S, the lead researcher said, " celery seed essential oil can be used as an efficient larvicide and repellent against Ae. aegypt" and ' The identification of the bioactive components, their mode of action, and studying effects on non-target organisms and the environment would help in devising mosquito-management strategies".

Furthermore, according ot the Chiang Mai University, G10, a celery (Apium graveolens)-based topical product exhibited not only a similarity in appearance and physical properties, but also provided comparable repellency to that of the fresh preparation against a broad range of mosquito species belonging to various genera, including Aedes, Anopheles, Armigeres, Culex, and Mansonia, in comparison to the commercial (Insect Block 28) and standard (25% DEET) repellents.

In fact, because the G10 formula is a worthwhile product expressed significantly promising results, including highly effective repellency with no potential skin irritation or other side effects, some researchers suggested that the product may be used as a potential natural alternative for personal protection against mosquitoes.

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(1) Repellent Effects of Different Celery Varieties in Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Biotype Q. by Tu H1,2, Qin Y2,(PubMed)
(2) Larvicidal, Repellent, and Irritant Potential of the Seed-Derived Essential oil of Apium graveolens Against Dengue Vector, Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) by Kumar S1, Mishra M1, Wahab N1, Warikoo R1(PubMed)
(3) Field evaluation of G10, a celery (Apium graveolens)-based topical repellent, against mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand by Tuetun B1, Choochote W, Pongpaibul Y, Junkum A, Kanjanapothi D, Chaithong U, Jitpakdi A, Riyong D, Wannasan A, Pitasawat B.(PubMed)
(4) Celery-based topical repellents as a potential natural alternative for personal protection against mosquitoes by Tuetun B1, Choochote W, Pongpaibul Y, Junkum A, Kanjanapothi D, Chaithong U, Jitpakdi A, Riyong D, Pitasawat B.(PubMed)

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