Thursday, 22 June 2017

Food Therapy: Garbanzo bean(Chickpea), The Best whole food medicine for reduced risk and symptoms of Cardiovascular diseases

Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Whole food(herbal medicine), linking health benefits in prevention, management and treatment of diseases has placed an important role in human history over many centuries. The finding of whole food medication by renowned scientists all over world to replace the single ingredient of Western medicine with little or no side effect has been difficult due to no commercial benefit and pattern right to producers.

Garbanzo beans also known as chickpea is an edible legume of genus Cicer and the family Fabaceae, high in protein and minerals. It is one of the earliest cultivated vegetables, native to Middle East.
With Nutrients of
1. Carbohydrates
2. Dietary fiber
3. Fat
4. Protein
5. Vitamin A
6. Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
7. Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
8. Niacin (Vitamin B3)
9. Pantothenic acid (B5)
10. Vitamin B6
11. Folate (Vitamin B9)
12. Vitamin C
13. Vitamin E
14. Vitamin K
15. Iron
16. Magnesium
17. Phosphorus
18. Potassium
19. Zinc
20. Etc.

Chickpea with high amount of fiber along with the relevant antioxidant capacities may be considered as a functional ingredients of antioxidant for reduced risk and symptoms of Cardiovascular diseases.

Beside cancer, heart disease kills more than 2,000 Americans everyday. Approximately 60 million Americans have heart disease.

 Most of heart diseases are caused by high blood pressure contributes to hardening of the arteries. High levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) build up in the arteries as a result of uncontrolled diet with high levels of saturated fat and trans fat. All these add to the formation of atherosclerosis lesions and eventually arterial blockage or anything that serves to damage the inner lining of blood vessels and impedes the transportation of oxygen and nutrition to the heart can be defined as a risk of heart disease.

According to the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropic, chickpea with Chickpea with significant amounts of all the essential amino acids except sulphur-containing amino acids and important vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, folate and the vitamin A precursor β-carotene may have beneficial effects on some of the important human diseases such as Cardiovascular diseases.

Researchers also looked at the total polyphenol and flavonoids concentration and protein concentrations. Both ingredients showed to express antioxidant activity in induced postprandial glycemic excursions and reduced postprandial glycemic load which are independent risk factor for development of cardiovascular disorders (CVD),

Furthermore, in the study of independent risk of CVD, fiber intake found abundantly in chickpeas showed to associate to Cardiac vascular disease (CVD). In total, 157 patients included in this study, dietary fiber intake can retard the decrease in the Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate eGFR, reduce the levels of proinflammatory factors, indoxyl sulfate, and serum cholesterol; and is negatively associated with cardiovascular risk.

In fact, intake of fiber of any sources has showed to reduce risk of numbers of disease. According to the Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau - Cardiovascular Research Center Barcelona, fiber taken together with phytosterols, vitamins and minerals( found in chickpea), exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects contributing to the delay of CVD initiation and progression.

Taken altogether, patients with or without cardiovascular disease may want to include chickpea in their diet, accompanied with good sources of vegetables and fruits.

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(1) Nutritional quality and health benefits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): a review by Jukanti AK1, Gaur PM, Gowda CL, Chibbar RN.(PubMed)
(2) Mitigation of starch-induced postprandial glycemic spikes in rats by antioxidants-rich extract of Cicer arietinum Linn. seeds and sprouts by Tiwari AK1, Sahana C, Zehra A, Madhusudana K, Kumar DA, Agawane SB.(PubMed)
(3) Dietary fiber intake is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and cardiovascular risk, but not protein nutritional status, in adults with CKD. by Lu L1,2,3, Huang YF4, Wang MQ2, Chen DX1,2,3, Wan H5, Wei LB1,2,3, Xiao W6.(PubMed)
(4) Diet and Cardiovascular Disease: Effects of Foods and Nutrients in Classical and Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Factors by Badimon L1, Chagas P1, Chiva-Blanch G1.(PubMed)