Wednesday, 27 November 2013

Sinusitis – Headache/Sinus headache Preventions: Diet against Sinusitis

Sinusitis is defined as a condition of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses of which can develop headache as a result of exposure to a cold or flu virus, or an allergic reaction to pollen, mold, dust or smoke, etc..Sinusitis affects 37 million people each year.
II. Diet against Sinusitis
Fruits and vegetable contain measure amount of antioxidants of many kinds of which prevent the forming of free radicals that can result of abnormal structures causes of sinusitis such as cysts, polyp, etc. and protect our body against foreign virus and bacteria invasion cause of infective and inflammatory cause of sinusitis.(34). In fact, while the water soluble antioxidants prevent oxidative forming in the cell cytosol and the blood plasma, the insolvable antioxidants protect cell membranes from lipid peroxidation.
Antioxidants also enhance the immune system in prevention of the chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) caused by a failure of the mechanical and immunologic barriers across the nasal mucosa(35). there are evidence that decreased levels of both reduced glutathione and uric acid in patients with chronic sinusitis lead to a diminished antioxidant defense, which may be associated with the pathogenesis of upper respiratory tract disorders. This finding may offer perspectives for pharmacotherapeutic intervention with antioxidants.(40)
1. Orange
a. In the reserach of Bioavailability and antioxidant effects of orange juice (OJ) into habitual diet found that after the 3 week intervention, plasma concentrations of vitamins A and E did not change. 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine in white blood cells declined by 16% (p = 0.38; n = 11), and in individuals with high baseline concentrations by 29% (p = 0.36; n = 7), respectively. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-/high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol ratios decreased but cholesterol (HDL, LDL, total) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance plasma concentrations did not change significantly, according to “Bioavailability and antioxidant effects of orange juice components in humans?” by Franke AA, Cooney RV, Henning SM, Custer LJ.(41)
b. Vitamin C is considered as on of most powerful free radical scavenger, it helps to enhane the immune system fighting against forming of free radical cause of irregular cells growth due to mutation of cells’ DNA, including tumors and cancers, according to the study of “Vitamin C and cancer: what can we conclude–1,609 patients and 33 years later?” by Cabanillas F.(42)
2. Lime
a. In the analyzing the dichloromethane, ethanol and water extracts prepared from celery [Apium graveolens L. (Umbelliferae)], Jerusalem artichoke [Helianthus tuberosus L. (Compositae)], spinach [Spinacia oleracea L. (Chenopodiaceae)], chard [Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla (Chenopodiaceae)], purslane [Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae)], ispit, or borage [Trachystemon orientale (L.) G. Don (Boraginaceae)], garden rocket [Eruca sativa Mill. (Brassicaceae)], red cabbage [Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata f. rubra DC. (Cruciferae)], lime flower [Tilia tomentosa Moench (Tiliaceae)], cinnamon [Cinnamomum cassia Presl. (Lauraceae)], and rosehip [Rosa canina L. (Rosaceae)], found that the dichloromethane, ethanol and water extracts of cinnamon showed the best antioxidant effect among the extracts of the tested plants. The ethanol extract of cinnamon exhibited 63.02% inhibition against acetylcholinesterase and 85.11% inhibition against butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) at 200 µg/mL, according to “Antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities of eleven edible plants” by Boğa M, Hacıbekiroğlu I, Kolak U.(43)
b. Besides is essential in preventing the breaking off small vein cause of hardening of the vessel wall, vitamin C also improves the digestive system in maximum absorption of vital nutrients. Overdoses can cause diarrhea, It also plays an important role in enhancing immune system fighting against the forming of free radicals that cause muscle damage, according to the study of “Does antioxidant vitamin supplementation protect against muscle damage?” by McGinley C, Shafat A, Donnelly AE., posted in PubMed (44)
c. Since it contains high amount of flavonoid, it helps to improve the immune system fighting against forming of free radical causes of tumor and cancer, according to the study of “Dietary intake of selected flavonols, flavones, and flavonoid-rich foods and risk of cancer in middle-aged and older women” by Wang L, Lee IM, Zhang SM, Blumberg JB, Buring JE, Sesso HD., posted in PubMed(45)
3. Carrot
a. Purple carrot juice (usually orange inside) has demonstrated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in improving glucose tolerance as well as cardiovascular and hepatic structure and function, according to the study of “Comparison of purple carrot juice and β-carotene in a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-fed rat model of the metabolic syndrome” by Poudyal H, Panchal S, Brown L. (46)
b. Carot juice may have a possible preventive effects in disease causation and progression caused by Oxidative DNA damage due to its antioxidant properties, according to the study of “Oxidative DNA damage in human white blood cells in dietary antioxidant intervention studies” by Møller P, Loft S.(47)
4. Whole wheat
In the classification of Anthocyanins of whole purple wheat, unpolished red rice, and partially polished red rice before and after processing to produce infant cereals and it antioxidant efect found that purple wheat infant cereals had higher cellular antioxidant activity than unpolished red rice ones (p < 0.05). Whole purple wheat infant cereals showed higher antioxidant activity than the commercial infant cereal, suggesting a possibility of improving infant antioxidant status by incorporating this grain in their diet, according to “Comparative Evaluation of the Antioxidant Potential of Infant Cereals Produced from Purple Wheat and Red Rice Grains and LC-MS Analysis of Their Anthocyanins” by Hirawan R, Diehl-Jones W, Beta T.(48)
5. Oat
a. In the investigation of beta-glucan of Oats and its effect in heart health found that the polyphenols of oats have also recently been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and anti-itching activity, which may provide additional protection against coronary heart disease, colon cancer, and skin irritation, according to “Potential health benefits of avenanthramides of oats” by Meydani M.(49)
b. Selenium in Oat improves the immune system in fighting the foreign invasion of virus and bacteria causes of infection and inflammation, according to the study of “Selenium in the immune system” by Arthur JR, McKenzie RC, Beckett GJ., posted in PubMed(50)
6. Sun flower seed
a. In the investigation of Plant foods belonging to different food groups such as cereals, legumes, oil seeds, oils, green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, spices, roots and tubers and theirs effect on cardiovascular diseases found that antioxidant activity (AOA) and phenolic content (PC) was the highest in black pepper (0.43 mg food required for 50% inhibition of the coupled auto-oxidation of beta-carotene and linoleic acid in a mixture in vitro) and it had the highest PC (191 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g food). The AOA (18.4 mg) as well as the PC (not detectable) were the lowest in sunflower oil. PC in oil seeds was higher than that in the oil, which could be due to the hydrophilic nature of phenolics and suggests the need for greater use of oil seeds than oils, according to “Antioxidant activity of commonly consumed plant foods of India: contribution of their phenolic content” by Saxena R, Venkaiah K, Anitha P, Venu L, Raghunath M.(51)
b. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), an enzyme located in mitochondria, is the key enzyme that protects the energy-generating mitochondria from oxidative damage caused by free radicals, according to the study of `The role of manganese superoxide dismutase in inflammation defense`by Li C, Zhou HM.(52)

7. Olive oil
a. In the investigation of albumin, a serum protein present in the developing brain, stimulates the synthesis of oleic acid by cultured astrocytes by inducing stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase, the rate-limiting enzyme in oleic acid synthesis, found that oleic acid induces neuronal differentiation, as indicated by the expression of growth associated protein-43. Here, we report that the expression of growth associated protein-43 mRNA peaks at about day 7 after birth, following the maximal expression of stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase-1 mRNA that occurs between days 3 and 5 postnatally, according to “Role of oleic acid as a neurotrophic factor is supported in vivo by the expression of GAP-43 subsequent to the activation of SREBP-1 and the up-regulation of stearoyl-CoA desaturase during postnatal development of the brain” by Velasco A, Tabernero A, Medina JM.(53)
b. In the analyzing the influence of a Mediterranean dietary pattern on plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) found that Mediterranean diet, especially rich in virgin olive oil, is associated with higher levels of plasma antioxidant capacity. Plasma TAC is related to a reduction in body weight after 3 years of intervention in a high cardiovascular risk population with a Mediterranean-style diet rich in virgin olive oil, according to “A 3 years follow-up of a Mediterranean diet rich in virgin olive oil is associated with high plasma antioxidant capacity and reduced body weight gain” by Razquin C, Martinez JA, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Mitjavila MT, Estruch R, Marti A.(54)
8. Flax seed
a. Omega 3 fatty acidsBesides well known for its benefits for the maintenance of a healthy cardio-vascular system, according to the study of “Omega-3 Fatty acids for cardiovascular disease prevention” by Defilippis AP, Blaha MJ, Jacobson TA, posted in PubMed(I) and proper ratio of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acid and prevent blood clotting, it also extends the portion of your cycle in which you are fertile, by promoting natural ovulation, according tothe study of “Postpartum ovarian activity in multiparous Holstein cows treated with bovine somatotropin and fed n-3 fatty acids in early lactation” by Carriquiry M, Dahlen CR, Weber WJ, Lamb GC, Crooker BA., posted in pubMed (55)
b. Free radicals
Flax seed contains a high amount of antioxidant that helps to guard the body from forming of free radicals by promoting the proper DNA replication and cells division, according to “Free radicals, metals and antioxidants in oxidative stress-induced cancer” by Valko M, Rhodes CJ, Moncol J, Izakovic M, Mazur M.(56)
9. Onion
a. Antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects
In the research of onion (Allium cepa) (ACE) extracts onion (Allium cepa) extracts and theirs antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects found that the biochemical and histological disturbances were effectively attenuated on pretreatment with ACE. The present study showed that ACE may be a suitable cardioprotector against toxic effects of (DOX) doxorubicin, according to “Antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects of onion (Allium cepa) extract on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in rats” by Alpsoy S, Aktas C, Uygur R, Topcu B, Kanter M, Erboga M, Karakaya O, Gedikbasi A.(57)
b. Vitamin C
In the evaluation of pulmonary dysfunction. and it effects on pulmonary dysfunction found that At present, evidence from randomised-controlled trials is insufficient to recommend a specific role for vitamin C in the treatment of asthma. Further methodologically strong and large-scale randomised controlled trials are needed in order to address the question of the effectiveness of vitamin C in children with asthma but some outcome data showed effectiveness on lung function, symptom scores, IgE levels and inhaled steroid use. One small study showed a significant difference in % drop in FEV1 post-exercise, according to the study of “Vitamin C supplementation for asthma” by Kaur B, Rowe BH, Arnold E.(58)
10. Garlic (59)
a. Garlic to fight COLD and FLU. The natural compoud Allicin is released when garlic is crushed. Allicin works to fight cold, flu and other infections by breaking down into smaller chemicals called Sulfur compounds. They wake up your inmuune system, helping your body to get rid of toxins and microorganisms naturally.
b. Garlic is the natural superfood healer for its natural antibiotic with antiviral, antifungal, anticoagulant and antiseptic properties. Garlic cooked is fine but it loses many of its health-giving powers. Raw garlic does most of its antibiotic and preventive medicines. Here are some of effective use of garlics for PROVEN DISEASE CURED.
11. Soybeen seeds
Extract from Virginia-grown soybean seeds had exerted its antioxidant effect when compared for their total phenolic contents (TPC), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH(*)) scavenging activities, according to “Comparison of different strategies for soybean antioxidant extraction” by Chung H, Ji X, Canning C, Sun S, Zhou K.(60)
12. Etc. 
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