Sunday, 24 November 2013

Phytochemicals and Polymalagia Arthritis

Polymalagia Arthritis Polymalagia Arthritis is defined as a condition a common inflammatory rheumatic disease which cause pain, stiffness and tenderness in large muscles, including muscles shoulders and pelvic girdleas a result of the presence of a synovitis in proximal joints and periarticular structures, causing musculoskeletal symptoms in PMR. 
Phytochemicals to prevent Polymalagia Arthritis (PMR)
1. Green tea Polyphenols
(-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the predominant green tea polyphenol which mimic its effects, inhibits enzyme activities and signal transduction pathways that play important roles in inflammation and joint destruction in arthritis. The use of EGCG as a possible chemopreventive agent with a potential to inhibit the development of arthritis. Here we review the biological effects of EGCG in an attempt to understand its pivotal molecular targets that directly affect the inflammation and joint destruction process for prevention and/or for the development of new therapeutics for arthritis in humans(41).
2. Curcumin
In the study to to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of BDMC33 and elucidate its underlying mechanism action in macrophage cells. showed that the inflammatory action of BDMC33 on activated macrophage-like cellular systems, which could be used as a future therapeutic agent in the management of chronic inflammatory diseases(42)
3. Resveratrol
Resveratrol (RES), a well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound, is abundant in red wine and exerts numerous pharmacological effects, including hepatoprotection and cadioprotection(43)
4. Boswellic acid
Gum-resin extracts of Boswellia serrata have been traditionally used in folk medicine for centuries to treat various chronic inflammatory diseases. The resinous part of Boswellia serrata possesses monoterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, tetracyclic triterpenic acids and four major pentacyclic triterpenic acids i.e. β-boswellic acid, acetyl-β-boswellic acid, 11-keto-β-boswellic acid and acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid, responsible for inhibition of pro-inflammatory enzymes(44).
5. Cucurbitacins
In the observations on the analgesic effects of WEDC by investigating its actions using the hot plate test and zymosan-induced writhing test in mice, as well as zymosan-induced arthritis in rats evaluating articular inflammatory pain, cell migration and determination of NO release into the joint exudate, showed that The oral treatment of the animals with WEDC (1-10 mg/kg) produced a significant, dose-dependent reduction of articular incapacitation and abdominal contortions in the writhing test. The same effect was not observed in the hot plate and rota-rod tests. WEDC also reduced nitrite release into the zymosan-inflamed joints. In the evaluation of COX activity, we observed that WEDC was able to selectively inhibit COX-2 but not COX-1 activity in COS-7 cells. Moreover, WEDC treatment did not show gastrointestinal toxicity(45).
6. Etc.
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