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Monday, 27 April 2015

The Holistic prevention, management and treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: The fertility Herb Chaste tree berry

By Kyle J. Norton Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.


                    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is defined as endocrinologic diseases among reproductive-age women caused by undeveloped follicles clumping on the ovaries that interferes with the function of the normal ovaries associated with a high risk for metabolic disorder(1) as resulting of enlarged ovaries(2), leading to hormone imbalance(excessive androgen and anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) )(1)(3)(4)(5), induced Hirsutism(6)(7), reproductive disorder(10(12)), risks of type 2 diabetes(9)(10)(11), metabolic syndrome(10)(12) and early cardiovasular disease(8)(13), acne(10)(14), endometrial cance(18)(19),weight gain and obesity(15)(16)(17). The syndrome effects over 5% of women population or 1 in 20 women.
Unfortunately, according to studies, women with PCOs after the reproductive age, are associated to  continuously increase risk of type II diabetes, with no increasing altered glucose tolerance(20), CVD and hypertension(21).

The prevention and management  In Herbal Medicine

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is unpreventable in Western medicine. Early diagnosis and treatment  may reduce risk of its complications, including infertility, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, etc.
                           
Reduce fat intake less than 30% of total calories with a low proportion of saturated fat and high in fiber from predominantly low-glycaemic-index-carbohydrate foods for patients with PCOs(827a). Calorie intake should be distributed between several meals per day with restricted intake of snacks and drinks(827)(828).

                              The fertility herbs  
                                  Chaste tree berry

Chaste tree berry is a species of Vitex agnus-castus, genus Vitex, belonging to the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region used in herbal medicine for thousands of year as anaphrodisiac herb and considered as Queen herb in tonifying female reproductive systems(869), including premenstrual problems(865) and menopause symtoms(866)(867)(868)(869). There was report that reports chaste tree berry stems and leaves used by women as bedding "to cool the heat of lust" during the time of the Thesmophoria(870),

1. Androstenedione
Chaste berry tree contains androstenedione which is the common precursor of female sex hormone by converting to testosterone and the estrogens. through the enzyme aromatase(871) by acting as a as a weak partial agonist(872) of the androgen receptor to reduce risk of hormone imbalance that causes infertility. Unfortunately, Epidemioligical evidences suugested that androstenedione may contribute to the worsening of PCOS features as women with PCOs are found to associate to high concentration of androstenedione(873)(874)(875).

2. Epitestosterone
Epitestosterone is an inactive epimer of the hormone testosterone which has been used to enhance athletic performance for some athelic during competition(876)(877). The phytochemical is also found to to improve sexual development(878), sexual desire and sexual arousal(879) induced fertility.

3. Hydroxyprogesterone and progesterone
Chaste tree contains plant hydroxyprogesterone which is a steroid hormone produced during the synthesis of glucocorticoids and sex steroids(880), including the corticosteroids and the androgens and the estrogens(881). The phytochemical also raises the levels of progesterone if it is loo low and reduces it when it is too high in the women body(882), induced fertility.

4. Iridoid
The herb also contaaining iridoid as a intermediator of the biosynthesis of alkaloids improves the immune system in fighting against inflammation(883) and lessens the risks of immune system abnormal function in production of antibody against sperm invasion(884).

5. Glycoside
Glycoside is a flavonoid acted as an antioxidant in increasing the immune system in fighting against forming of free radical as well as guarding our body against irregular cell browth infection and inflammation(885)(886), and reducing the risk of abnormal function of immune system in production of antibody against sperm invasion(884).

 Side effects
According to Drug.com the most common side effects of taking chaste berry tree include
Acne; cramping; diarrhea; hair loss; headache; increased menstrual flow; stomach pain; tiredness, etc....(887)

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months   


References
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(2) A "kiss" before conception: triggering ovulation with kisspeptin-54 may improve IVF by Young SL.(PubMed)
(3.) Androgen hyperfunction and excessive heterosexual hair growth in women, with special attention to the polycystic ovarian syndrome by Lunde O1.(PubMed)
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(8) Polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin: our understanding in the past, present and future by Mayer SB1, Evans WS, Nestler JE.(PubMed)
(9) Association of mean platelet volume with androgens and insulin resistance in nonobese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome by Dogan BA1, Arduc A2, Tuna MM1, Karakılıc E1, Dagdelen I1, Tutuncu Y1, Berker D1, Guler S1.(PubMed)
(10) Approach to the patient: contraception in women with polycystic ovary syndrome by Yildiz BO1.(PubMed)
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(12) Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Slovak women with polycystic ovary syndrome and its relation to metabolic and reproductive abnormalities by Figurová J1, Dravecká I, Javorský M, Petríková J, Lazúrová I.(PubMed)
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(20) Polycystic ovary syndrome: metabolic consequences and long-term management by Carmina E1.(PubMed)
(21) Arterial stiffness is increased in asymptomatic nondiabetic postmenopausal women with a polycystic ovary syndrome phenotype by Armeni E1, Stamatelopoulos K, Rizos D, Georgiopoulos G, Kazani M, Kazani A, Kolyviras A, Stellos K, Panoulis K, Alexandrou A, Creatsa M, Papamichael C, Lambrinoudaki I.(PubMed)
(827a) Diet and nutrition in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): pointers for nutritional management by Farshchi H, Rane A, Love A, Kennedy RL(PubMed)
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(842) Topical Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) Extract Does Not Accelerate the Oral Wound Healing in Rats by Coelho FH1, Salvadori G, Rados PV, Magnusson A, Danilevicz CK, Meurer L, Martins MD.(PubMed)
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(859) Gan Cao(Complementary and Alternative Healing University)
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(865) Evaluating therapeutic effect in symptoms of moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome with Vitex agnus castus (BNO 1095) in Chinese women" by Ma L, Lin S, Chen R, Zhang Y, Chen F, Wang X.(PubMed)
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(869) Herbs of special interest to women by Hardy ML1.(PubMed)
(870)  Chaste tree(Happyherbcompany)
(871) Devlin, edited by Thomas M. (2010). Textbook of biochemistry : with clinical correlations (7th ed. ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p. 432. ISBN 0470281731.
(872) "Partial agonist/antagonist properties of androstenedione and 4-androsten-3β,17β-diol" published on The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Volume 91, Issues 4–5, August 2004, Pages 247–257
(873) Effects of androstenedione, insulin and luteinizing hormone on steroidogenesis in human granulosa luteal cells by S. Greisen, T. Ledet3 and P. Ovesen(Oxford Journal)
(874) Elevated serum androstenedione is associated with a more severe phenotype in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by Georgopoulos NA1, Papadakis E2, Armeni AK1, Katsikis I2, Roupas ND1, Panidis D2.(PubMed)
(875) The influence of obesity on androstenedione to testosterone ratio in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperandrogenemia by Misichronis G1, Georgopoulos NA, Marioli DJ, Armeni AK, Katsikis I, Piouka AD, Saltamavros AD, Roupas ND, Panidis D.(PubMed)
(876) Evaluation of testosterone/epitestosterone ratio influential factors as determined in doping analysis by van de Kerkhof DH1, de Boer D, Thijssen JH, Maes RA.(PubMed)
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(878) Sex, drugs and sports: prostaglandins, epitestosterone and sexual development by Sanders BK1.(PubMed)
(879) The Relation of Plasma Androgen Levels to Sexual Behaviors and Attitudes of Women1. by Persky, Harold PhD; Dreisbach, Lorraine MS; Miller, William R. PhD; O'Brien, Charles P. MD, PhD; Khan, Miftah A. MSc; Lief, Harold I. MD; Charney, Natalie; Strauss, Dorothy PhD(The Journal of biobehavior medicine)
(880) Human  17 - Hydroxyprogesterone, 17 - OHP ELISA kit Catalog No. E0454h
(881) 17 - Hydroxyprogesterone(Wikepieda)
(882) Agonistic and antagonistic properties of progesterone metabolites at the human mineralocorticoid receptor by Quinkler M1, Meyer B, Bumke-Vogt C, Grossmann C, Gruber U, Oelkers W, Diederich S, Bahr V.(PubMed)
(883) In vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory activities of iridoids fraction from Barleria prionitis Linn by Ghule BV1, Yeole PG.(PubMed)
(884) [Specific mucosal immunity in the female reproductive tract: protection against infectious diseases and regulation of fertility (part 2)].[Article in Czech] by Zivný J1, Sterzl I.(PubMed)
(885) New chalcanonol glycoside from the seeds of saw palmetto: antiproliferative and antioxidant effects by Abdel Bar FM1.(PubMed)
(886) Antioxidant properties, radical scavenging activity and biomolecule protection capacity of flavonoid naringenin and its glycoside naringin: a comparative study by Cavia-Saiz M1, Busto MD, Pilar-Izquierdo MC, Ortega N, Perez-Mateos M, Muñiz P.(PubMed)
(887) chaste tree(Drug.com, know more, be sure)