Wednesday, 27 November 2013

Sinusitis - Headache/Sinus headache - The Risk Factors

Sinusitis is defined as a condition of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses of which can develop headache as a result of exposure to a cold or flu virus, or an allergic reaction to pollen, mold, dust or smoke, etc..Sinusitis affects 37 million people each year.
Risk factors
1. Diving and 2. Swimming
Swimming can cause increased risk of sinusitis, in the abstract of The relationship of swimming and diving to sinusitis and hearing loss, Dr. HITSCHLER WJ, said that the relationship between swimming and diving and sinusitis, hearing loss or upper respiratory infection has been existed and recognized for years.(b)
3. Air travel
Dr. Javan R, and team at the Baptist Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology, Memphis, said that Changes in aircraft cabin pressure likely resulted in rupture of dura and arachnoid layers beneath the pre-existing bony defect, predisposed by existing sinus disease(c)
4. Smoking
In the study of 100 patients (84 men and 16 women; mean age, 49.5 years; range, 21-75 years) who underwent surgery for chronic sinusitis, indicated that smoking-induced olfactory dysfunction in chronic sinusitis(d)
5. Certain foods
Chocolates, foods that contain MGS (Monosodium glutamate), cakes, biscuits and cheese can cause the production of thick, viscid mucus in the mucus membrane lining of the nose and sinuses.
6. Pet
Dr. Slavin RG, Leipzig JR, Goodgold HM. at Saint Louis University School of Medicine in the study of “Allergic sinusitis revisited” said “we were unable to demonstrate inflammation of the sinuses in patients with allergic rhinitis”(e)
7. Mountain climbing
Headache is the cardinal symptom of acute mountain sickness (AMS). The headache normally worsens, with increased cerebral affection and the development of high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) (f) of which can cause frontal sinusitis (g)
8. Stress
Stress can cause reduced immune function of which can promote the invasion of virus and bacterial cause of sinusitis(13)
9. Alcohol
In certain people, alcohol may cause an allergic reaction as a result of intolerance of that can lead to the production of histamine, leading to nasal and sinus membranes to swell resulting of
sinusitis (h)
10. Drug abuse
Drug abuse can suppressed the immune system of that can increase the risk of infectous and inflammatory cause of sinusitis. Study from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, indicated that the prevalence rates of a broad range of health conditions by duration of use of specific illicit drug among persons 35 to 49 years of age in the United States were estimated and compared. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the results of 20 multivariate logistic regression models indicated positive associations between duration of marijuana use and anxiety, depression, sexually transmitted disease (STD), bronchitis, and lung cancer; between duration of cocaine use and anxiety and pancreatitis; between duration of heroin use and anxiety, hepatitis, and tuberculosis; between duration of hallucinogen use and tinnitus and STD; and between duration of inhalant use and anxiety, depression, HIV/AIDS, STD, tuberculosis, bronchitis, asthma, sinusitis, and tinnitus(i)
11. Constant use of nasal decongestants sprays
The medication can be contraindicated in patients on certain drugs or with certain conditions and for a limited period to avoid rebound congestion.(j) Use natural herbal and homeopathic medicines, vitamin supplements etc. instead.
12. Etc.
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