Sunday, 10 November 2013

Overcome Male Infertility--What Is Acrosome Reaction Test

Infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. It effects over 5 millions couple alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of unawareness of treatments, only 10% seeks help from professional specialist. In this article, we will discuss what is male infertility acrosome reaction test.

I. Definition
An Acrosome reaction test is a sperm analysis. The sample is taken through masturbation to see how the sperm performs during the fertilizing process. It may be necessary if the fertilization specialist suspects that the causes of infertility may be a sperm related problem.

II. Diagnosis
After the sample is taken, your fertility specialist exammines the acrosome reaction of your sperm to see how your sperm penetrates the female egg, how the enzymes (acrosome, then acrosin released from the sperm head) in sperm work through tough coating of the eggs to fertilize it. If not, it may be other causes of infertility and specific treatment is required.

III. Analysis
If the diagnosis finds that the sperm is unable to penetrate the egg because of a lack of acrosome or acrosin, then intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be suggested by your specialist so that the fertilization process can be by-passed by the natural penetration of sperm as ICSI is the direct injection of a sperm cell into the egg. If the ICSI is decided, then the fertilization process is either through intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Since the test only provides a limited amount of information about how sperm penetrate the egg, some doctor may choose to forgo it because of very low percentage of males who have such problem, unless it is absolutely necessary.

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