Saturday, 23 November 2013

Migraine Headaches Treatments in Traditional Chinese medicine

Migraine headache is one most common headaches defined as condition of chronic neurological disorder of moderate to severe headaches, and nausea that usually develop gradually over 5–20 minutes and last for less than 60 minutes and affected over 15% of the population in US alone, as a result of the change in the brain and its surrounding blood vessels.
H. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)
X. Traditional Chinese Medicine
H.A. According to Flaws & Sionneau, 2001,p.346; Yin & Liu, 2000, p.370; Blackwell, 1991 Migraine Headache is as a condition of tou feng (Wind in the head) or pian tou tong(pain in one half of the head), and is mainly due to emotional factors causes of Liver Yang hyperactivity and sometimes may be influenced by exterior Wind-Cold factors, common cold and allergy(H.A.). In the report the author indicated that differetiation of the MH depending to the patient’s pathology and the pathodynamics underlying any particular clinical case is likely to be complex. As pain is the single most important clinical feature, Blood stasis should beaddressed in all cases. Thus, one of the formulas described under thesubheading of Blood Stasis will be included in all acute stage treatments. In addition, Interior Wind is also a common feature and this often occurs due to Liver Fire or stagnant Heat in the Liver. In some cases there is also Phlegm,which binds with Wind to exacerbate the symptoms.(Part 2MIGRAINE HEADACHE IN TCM)

H.B. Migraine headache caused by Liver Yang rising with Interior Wind
1. Symptoms
a Visual disturbance
b. Dizziness
c. Irritability
d. Red tongue
e. Wiry pulse
f. Etc.

2. Formula Liver Yang rising with Interior Wind - Tian Ma Gou Teng Yin
a. Gastrodia and Uncaria formula has been used in TCM for hundred of years to treat the symptoms of headache and migraine as a result of ascendant Liver Yang with internal movement of Wind, caused by Liver and Kidney Yin deficiency and exuberant Liver Yang. This formula is best used during the early stages of a Migraine and combines well with Corydalis H for a strong, double strike against Migraine pain.

b. The ingredients including
b.1. Tian Ma (Rhizoma gastrodiae elatae)
b.2. Gou Teng (Ramulus cum uncis uncariae)
b.3. Shi Jue Ming (Concha haliotidis)
b.4. Zhi Zi (Fructus gardeniae jasminoidis)
b.5. Huang Qin (Radix scutellariae baicalensis)
b.6. Yi Mu Cao (Herba leonuri heterophylli)
b.7. Chuan Niu Xi (Radix cyathulae officinalis)
b.8. Du Zhong (Cortex eucommiae ulmoidis)
b.9. Sang Ji Sheng (Ramulus sangjusheng)
b.10. Ye Jiao Teng (Caulis polygoni multiflori)
b.11. Fu-shen (Sclerotium poriae cocos pararadicis)

H.C. Liver Fire
1. Symptoms
a. Red face and eyes
b. bitter taste in the mouth
c. thirst
d. dark and scanty urine
e. constipation with dry stools
f. red tongue with a yellow coat
g. rapid pulse

b. Formula Long Dan Xie Gan Tang
The formula Long Dan Xie Gan Tang has been used in TCM to treat pain in the hypochondriac region, headache, dizziness, red sore eyes, trouble with hearing, ear swelling or infection, traveling the Liver and Gallbladder meridians to relieve liver heat and fire
b.1. Long dan cao (Radix gentianae longdancao)
b.2. Huang qin (Radix scutellariae)
b.3. Shan zhi zi (Fructus gardeniae jasminoidis)
b.4. Ze xie (Caulis mutong)
b.5. Mu tong (Semen plantaginis)
b.6. Che qian zi (Rhizoma alismatis orientalis)
b.7. Chai hu (Radix bupleuri)
b.9. Sheng di huang (Radix rehmanniae glutinosae)
b.10. Gan cao (radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)
b.11. Dang qui (Radix angelicae sinensis)
Author note the formula may damage the Kidney due to the presence of Herb Mu Tong

H.D. Liver qi stagnation
1. Symptoms
a. Chest distention
b. Hypochondriac pain
c. Nausea, vomiting
d. Poor appetite
e. Diarrhea
f. Depression
g. Mood swing
f. Normal tongue
g. Wiry pulse
h. Etc.

2. Formula as a result of Liver Qi deficiency: Xiao Yao San (Bupleurum and Dang-gui Formula)
The formula has been used in TCM to treat anxiety, irritability, stress, and depression due to the challenge of a daily life or premenstrual tension, as a result of liver Qi deficiency
a. Chai Hu (radix burpleuri)
b. Dang Gui (radix angelicae sinensis)
c. Bai Shao (radix paeoniae lactiflorae)
d. Bai Zhu (rhizome atractylodis macrocephalae)
f. Fu Ling (sclerotium poriae cocos)
g. Zhi Gan Cao (honey fried radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)

H.E. Excess syndrome-pattern with Liver Blood stasis:
1. Symptoms
a. Palpable masses in the abdomen
b. Irregular a/or painful menstruation possible with dark clots,
c. purple nails,
d. purple lips
e. Tongue Purple, possibly w/purple spots
f. Wiry pulse

b. Formula for Excess syndrome-pattern with Liver Blood stasis: Chai Hu Shu Gan Tang
The formula has been used in TCM to treat sighing and flank pain due to emotional stress or premenstrual tension, headache as a result liver Blood stasis.
a. Chai hu (Radix Bupleuri Chinensis)
b. Chen pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae)
c. Bai shao (Radix Paeoniae Lactiflorae)
d. Zhi ke (Fructus Aurantii)
f. Chuan xiong (Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong)
g. Xiang fu (Rhizoma Cyperi Rotundi)
h. Gan cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis)

H.F. Headache Migraine caused by Wind Phlegm
1. Symptoms
a. Excessive sputum
b. Nausea,
c. Fullness of the chest and/or epigastrium
d. Greasy tongue coat
e. Etc.

2. Wind Phlegm With Heat (if tongue is red tongue with a yellow coat): Wen Dan Tang (Bamboo & Hoelen Formula)
The formula has been used in TCM to treat disharmony between the gallbladder and stomach causes of Qi is blocked in flow transformed phlegm and form of rebellion Qi in the stomach that lead to fear, restlessness, dreaminess and anxiety
a. Zhi Ban Xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternatae)
b. Zhu Ru (Caulis Bambusae In Taeniis)
c. Chen Pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae)
d. Fu Ling (Poriae Cocos)
f. Lian Qiao (Fructus Forsythiae Suspensae)
g. Jin Yin Hua (Flos Lonicerae Japonicae)
h. Yu Jin (Radix Curcumae)
i. Zhi Shi (Fructus Aurantii Immaturus)

3. Formula Wind Phlegm With Cold (if tongue is pale with a white coat): Er Chen Wan (Citrus & Pinellia Combination), ingredients include
The Formula has been used in TCM to treat nausea and abdominal fullness, dizziness and vertigo, etc., as a result of Withe Phlegm with cold causes of phlegm accumulation, spleen-damp, rebellion qi and unharmonization of the center.
a. Chen Pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae)
b. Ban Xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae)
c. Fu Ling (Poriae Cocos)
d. Gan Cao Glycyrrhiza (Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis)
f. Sheng Jiang Zingiberis (Rhizoma Zingiberis)

H.F. Blood Stasis
1. Symptoms
a. Fixed pain,
b. Palpitation
c. Pulse appears tense and fast
d. Tongue is purple -
f. bluish-purple

2. Formula for migraine headache caused by blood stasis
Tao Hong Si Wu Wan (Persica, Carthamus & Dang-gui Combination)
The formula has been used in TCM to treat heavy bleeding of dark, purplish, sticky menstrual blood  sharp and fixed abdominal pain before or during the menses, dizziness, dull headache, etc. as a result of blood stasis
a. Shu di huang (Rehmannia glutinosa root-prep)
b. Dang gui (Angelica sinensis root)
c. Bai shao (Paeonia lactiflora root)
d. Tao ren (Prunus persica seed)
e. Hong hua (Carthamus tinctorius flower)
f. Chuan xiong (Ligusticum wallichii rhizome)

H.G. Invasion by Exterior Wind Cold
1. Symptoms
a. Generalized body aches
b. Aversion to cold
c. Chills
d. Mild fever
e. Nasal congestion
f. Thin white coat
g. Floating, possibly a little tight

2. Formula for mihraine headache caused by Invasion by Exterior Wind Cold: Chuan Xiong Cha Tiao Wan (Ligusticum & Tea Formula)
The formula has been used in TCM to treat headache, migraine, or headache on the top, aversion to cold and fever, dizziness, nasal obstruction as a result of Exterior Wind Cold
a. Bo he (Herba Menthae Haplocalycis)
b. Chuan xiong (Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong)
c. Jing jie (Herba Schizonepetae Tenuifoliae)
d. Qiang huo (Rhizoma Seu Radix Notopterygii)
e. Bai zhi (Radix Angelicae Dahuricae)
f. Gan cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis)
g. Fang feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae Divaricatae)

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