Sunday, 24 November 2013

Ischemic Heart Disease - The Diagnosis and tests

Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular diseas
is defined as medical conditions affecting the cardiovascular system, including heart, blood vessels(arteries and veins).
II. Ischemic heart disease
 Ischemic heart disease is defined as a condition of  reduced blood supply of the heart muscle, as a result of  coronary artery disease caused by plague building up in the arteries.

C. Diagnosis and tests
Diagnosis of ischemic heart disease are depending to the nature symptoms for discovering the disease in its early stages to prevent a heart attack from occurring
1. Electrocardiogram or electrocardiography (ECG)
Electrocardiogram or electrocardiography (ECG) is the test to diagnose the heart conditions by measuring the electrical activity of the heart and highly recommendation for patients showing symptoms of severe chest pain. An abnormal patterns on the EKG may be an indication of Ischemia. In some cases, exercise testing, an exercise ECG test or 'stress test' as ECG recording is taken while you are exercising  to induce the symptoms of chest pain in finding the causes.
2. X ray
X ray may be necessary to rule out other causes of the symptoms.
3. Blood tests
The aim of the blood test is to monitor the activity of the heart, including cardiac enzyme tests to test for the damage of heart muscle.
4. Echocardiogram (echo)
Echocardiogram (echo) provide your doctor an image of your heart using sound waves by identifying the overall function of your heart, including the structure, thickness, movement of each heart valve, etc.
Some researchers indicated that Exercise testing, whether by echocardiography or ECG, is more useful at excluding CAD than confirming it. Clinicians have concentrated on individualising the treatment of CAD, but there is great scope for individualising the diagnosis of CAD using exercise testing(16).
5. Coronary angiography
The aim of the test is to provide information of providing information of  your heart functioning and to identify the narrowing and blockage of the coronary arteries.
6. Radionuclide stress test
The aim of the test is to identify whether the blockage in a coronary artery results in diminished blood flow to a part of the cardiac muscle.
7. Etc.

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