Tuesday, 26 November 2013

GastrIc Ulcers- The Symptoms

Gastric ulcers
Gastric ulcer, a type of peptic ulcer is defined as a condition of a localized tissue erosion in the lining the stomach.
A. Symptoms
1. Abdominal pain, bloating, septic shock and blood type O positive
In  a clinical, retrospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study of patients who were treated at the General Hospital of Mexico with a diagnosis of perforated peptic ulcer from January 2006 to December 2008 of 30 patients with an average age of 57.07 years (± 14.2 years). The male:female ratio was 2:1, found that the risk of developing postoperative complications was 66.7% and is significantly influenced by time of onset of abdominal pain prior to admission, bloating, septic shock and blood type O positive. Mortality was 16.7% and was correlated with the presence of septic shock on admission. The surgical procedure performed was primary closure with Graham patch in 86.6%. Average hospital stay was 12.8 days(1).
2. Dyspepsia
Dyspepsia, may be the first symptom of peptic ulcer disease (an ulcer of the stomach or duodenum), is the medical term for difficult digestion. It consists of various symptoms in the upper abdomen, such as fullness, discomfort, early satiation, bloating, heartburn, belching, nausea, vomiting, or pain. Organic causes of dyspepsia are peptic ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastric or esophageal cancer, pancreatic or biliary disorders, intolerance to food or drugs, and other infectious or systemic diseases(2).
3. Blood in stool
As a result of upper gastrointestinal bleeding
4. Nausea and vomiting
there is a report on a 78-year-old female patient, who presented to the emergency department with nausea and vomiting. Investigations: Endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract revealed gastric erosions and duodenal ulcers(3).
5. Bleeding
There is a report of a 50-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with dizziness and tarry stools. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed bleeding from a gastric ulcer, and endoscopic hemostasis by endoscopic clipping was carried out(4)
5. Unintentional weight loss
Benign gastro-colic fistula is a rare occurrence in modern surgery due to the progress in medical management of gastric ulcer disease.  There is a report of an 84-year-old woman of Caucasian background presented with 12 months of worsening abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss on a background of known gastric ulcer disease(5).
6. Mood disorders
In the study used data collected in the Canadian Community Health Survey, cycle 3.1 (2005) to examine factors associated with comorbid mood disorders and to assess their association with the quality of life of individuals living in Ontario, indicate that individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, bowel disorder or stomach or intestinal ulcers had the highest rates of mood disorders(6).
7. Etc.
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(1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21631975
(2) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22327302
(3) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23152072
(4) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22187712
(5) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21756322
(6) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18625088 

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