Thursday, 29 November 2018

Ginger, the Best in Reducing Risk of Hypertension and Hypertensive Complications

By Kyle J. Norton

Ginger may be considered a functional food for the prevention and treatment of hypertension and hypertension complications, some studies found.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) or ginger root, the second superfood used for thousands of years by mankind, is the genus Zingiber, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, native to Tamil.

The root has been used in traditional and Chinese medicine to treat dyspepsia, gastroparesis, constipation, edema, difficult urination, colic, etc.

Hypertension of high blood pressure is a chronic condition of abnormally high blood pressure.

It is one of the members of a cluster of metabolic syndrome associated with the onset of cardiovascular disease.

Believe or not,  people with high blood pressure are most likely to develop hyperglycemia (Anomally high blood glucose) and hyperlipidemia (abnormally high blood cholesterol).

According to the statistic, approximately 1 in 3 adults in the US has high blood pressure, affecting over 75 million or 32% of the American adults (32%).

Some researchers suggested that high blood pressure can be caused by stress or an underlying condition, such as kidney disease.

However, an unhealthy diet is one of the most common risk factors in the development of the syndrome in the Western world that is caught the attention of many scientists. 

Dr. Lydia A. Bazzano, the lead scientist in the study"Dietary Approaches to Prevent Hypertension", wrote, "Changes in diet can lower blood pressure, prevent the development of hypertension, and reduce the risk of hypertension-related complications".

"Dietary strategies for the prevention of hypertension include reducing sodium intake, limiting alcohol consumption, increasing potassium intake, and adopting an overall dietary pattern such as the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet or a Mediterranean diet".

These results clearly suggested that diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grain and less in saturated and trans fat, red meat and processed foods are associated with the reduction of hypertension.

Unmanaged hypertension can lead to heart disease and stroke.

With an aim to find a natural ingredient or formula for the prevention and treatment of high blood pressure, researchers examine the effect of herbal treatment on blood pressure (BP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

The clinical trial included 204 T2DM patients randomly assigned to four intervention groups receiving 3 g cinnamon, 3 g cardamom, 1 g saffron or 3 g ginger with three glasses of black tea, and one control group consuming only three glasses of tea without any herbals, for 8 weeks.

All medicinal plants exerted a significant effect in lowering the high blood pressure.

Ginger intake affected systolic BP compared to other medical plants intake and control.

After taking into account co and confounders, Dr. Azimi P, the lead author said, "there was no significant difference between the plants in terms of ...... BP".

Additional differentiation of the anti-hypertension effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and turmeric (Curcuma longa), researchers examine the effect of dietary supplementation of these rhizomes in Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME) induced hypertensive rats.

The study divided testes animals into seven groups (n = 10): normotensive control rats; induced (l-NAME hypertensive) rats; hypertensive rats treated with atenolol (10 mg/kg/day); normotensive and hypertensive rats treated with 4% supplementation of turmeric or ginger, respectively.

After 14 days of pre-treatment, the animals were induced with hypertension by oral administration of l-NAME (40 mg/kg/day).

Hypertensive rats significant (p < 0.05) showed hypertension-derived complications associated with the platelet hyperactivity, a risk of cardiovascular disease compared to control.

In other words, ginger modulated the blood pressure and inhibited complications of high blood pressure in the initiatiation the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Taken altogether, ginger used alone or combined with other medicinal plants may have a potential effect in reducing the risk of high blood pressure and high blood pressure complication.

However, further data collection large example size and multi-centers studies performed with human consumption of the  whole food during the course of the disease will be necessary to complete the picture of herbal ginger anti hypertension possibilities.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Effect of cinnamon, cardamom, saffron and ginger consumption on bloodpressure and a marker of endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled clinical trial. by Azimi P1,2, Ghiasvand R1,2, Feizi A3, Hosseinzadeh J1,2, Bahreynian M1,2, Hariri M1,2, Khosravi-Boroujeni H. (PubMed)
(2) Dietary Supplementation of Ginger and Turmeric Rhizomes Modulates Platelets Ectonucleotidase and Adenosine Deaminase Activities in Normotensive and Hypertensive Rats by Akinyemi AJ1,2,3, Thomé GR3, Morsch VM3, Bottari NB3, Baldissarelli J3, de Oliveira LS3, Goularte JF4, Belló-Klein A4, Oboh G1, Schetinger MR. (PubMed)
(3) Dietary Approaches to Prevent Hypertension by Lydia A. Bazzano, Torrance Green, Teresa N. Harrison, and Kristi Reynolds. (PMC)

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